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Age: 10,520.5 ± 3,571.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: 573.XC C8455T A13973t
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: T2c1
Descendant branch(s): T2c1a1 T2c1a2 T2c1a3


Haplogroup T2c1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between and 3,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup T2c1a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
02 T2c1a 8455 13973T Released 14 Oct 2008
05 T2c1a 8455 13973T Released 8 Jul 2009
06 T2c1a 8455 13973T Released 28 Sep 2009
07 T2c1a 8455 13973T Released 10 Nov 2009
08 T2c1a 8455 13973T Released 21 Mar 2010
09 T2c1a 8455 13973T Released 20 Jun 2010
10 T2c1a 8455 13973T Released 10 Aug 2010
11 T2c1a 8455 13973T Released 7 Feb 2011
12 T2c1a 8455 13973T Released 20 Jul 2011
13 T2c1a 8455 13973T Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 T2c1 C8455T A13973t Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
14 T2c1a T152C! G499A C6998T G8838A G11914A! Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 T2c1a 573.XC C8455T A13973t Released 30 Sep 2012
16 T2c1a 573.XC C8455T A13973t Released 19 Feb 2014
17 T2c1a 573.XC C8455T A13973t Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup T2c1a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5003049 Behar et al., 2012b T2c1a:152, 16296 T2c1a:185, 309.1C, 315.1C, 14259, 16136
Hap5008208 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 T2c1a:16296 T2c1a:315.1C, 3498, 9612, 11800
Hap5008372 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 T2c1a:16292 T2c1a:315.1C, 9344, 9615, 14899, 15616, 16256, 16362
Hap5017610 Zaragoza et al., 2010a T2c1a:573.1XC, 16296 T2c1a:44.1C, 309.1C, 315.1C, 574C, 7028G, 7830, 9980, 13299, 16465
Hap5020946 Derenko et al., 2013 T2c1a:16296 T2c1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 7576, 9612, 11800, 13269

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10080498Czech RepublicCzech RepublicCzech RepublicCzech Republic
Hap10080499United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10080504United StatesSlovakiaSlovakiaSlovakia
Hap10080507United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10080508United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10080509United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10080510United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10080511United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10080512United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10080513United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10080514United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10080515United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10080516United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10080520United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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