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Age: 14,591.9 ± 3,571.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: West Asia
Mutations: C10822T
Parent Branch: T2
Descendant branch(s): T2c1


Haplogroup T2c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 11,000 and 18,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: T2c
Age: About 12,000 Years Ago
Origin: West Asia
Blurb: This point in your ancestors' journey began around 12,000 years ago as the Earth was warming near the end of the last glacial maximum. Today, most from this line live in Iraq, where it is about 14 percent of maternal lineages. However, some from this line traveled through Turkey to Europe. It is now around 1 percent of the population in both places.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup T2c Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01T2c6261 10822 11914 16292Released 27 Aug 2008
02T2c10822 16292Released 14 Oct 2008
05T2c10822 16292Released 8 Jul 2009
06T2c10822 16292Released 28 Sep 2009
07T2c10822 16292Released 10 Nov 2009
08T2c10822 16292Released 21 Mar 2010
09T2c10822 16292Released 20 Jun 2010
10T2c10822 16292Released 10 Aug 2010
11T2c10822 16292Released 7 Feb 2011
12T2c10822 16292Released 20 Jul 2011
13T2c10822 16292Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14T2cG6261A C10822T C16292TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15T2cC10822TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16T2cC10822TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17T2cC10822TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup T2c Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.


Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5019166Pala et al., 2012noneT2c:309.1C, 315.1C, 13818, 16148, 16218, 16248, 16527

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 26, 2018 at 8:57 am

2018-08-26T08:57:46+00:00June 6th, 2016|
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