Age: 2,244.4 ± 2,228.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T5580C A10559G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: T2b
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup T2b9 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between and 4,500 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup T2b9 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

14T2b9T5580C A10559GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15T2b9T5580C A10559GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16T2b9T5580C A10559GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17T2b9T5580C A10559GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup T2b9 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5002095Behar et al., 2012bnoneT2b9:315.1C, 4117
Hap5002369Behar et al., 2012bnoneT2b9:315.1C, 12025
Hap5007971Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016T2b9:146, 152T2b9:309.1CC, 315.1C, 629, 16519
Hap5012570Raule et al., 2014T2b9:146T2b9:309.1CC, 315.1C, 3010, 3552Y, 10116R, 14097
Hap5013187Raule et al., 2014noneT2b9:315.1C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10080381United StatesUnited StatesUkraineUkraine
Hap10080382United StatesGermanyUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10080383United StatesUnited StatesUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10080384United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10080385United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10080386United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10080387United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10080388United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10080389United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10080391United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10080392UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10080394United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10080395United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10080396United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

1 thought on “T2b9”

  1. I am a Brazilian T2B9 of Portuguese maternal backgrounds. The interesting thing is that the matches presented at FTDNA are curiously of Scandinavian origins (majority).

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