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Age: 4,964.7 ± 3,107.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T3826C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: T2b
Descendant branch(s): T2b5a


Haplogroup T2b5 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,900 and 8,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup T2b5 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
05 T2b5 3826 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 T2b5 3826 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 T2b5 3826 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 T2b5 3826 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 T2b5 3826 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 T2b5 3826 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 T2b5 3826 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 T2b5 3826 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 T2b5 3826 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 T2b5 T3826C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 T2b5 T3826C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 T2b5 T3826C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 T2b5 T3826C Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup T2b5 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5002024 Behar et al., 2012b none T2b5:93, 309.1C, 315.1C, 5773, 7795
Hap5002242 Behar et al., 2012b T2b5:8697 T2b5:315.1C, 12369A
Hap5002336 Behar et al., 2012b none T2b5:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5006677 Coble et al., 2004 none T2b5:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC
Hap5006678 Coble et al., 2004 none T2b5:3, 315.1C, 523-524d
Hap5009168 Ghelli et al., 2009 none T2b5:151, 315.1C, 4152, 9948
Hap5009936 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 T2b5:146, 152, 195, 247, 16126, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16294, 16296, 16304, 16311 T2b5:1-576d, 14279, 15151, 15304, 16024-16569d
Hap5012591 Raule et al., 2014 T2b5:195 T2b5:315.1C, 16297
Hap5013062 Raule et al., 2014 none T2b5:189, 315.1C
Hap5013139 Raule et al., 2014 T2b5:195 T2b5:315.1C
Hap5019148 Pala et al., 2012 none T2b5:3, 189, 315.1C, 8110
Hap5019149 Pala et al., 2012 none T2b5:3, 4A, 309.1C, 315.1C, 5231
Hap5023532 Zheng et al., 2012 none T2b5:16172

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10079847United StatesUnited StatesAustriaAustria
Hap10079850United StatesUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10079852New ZealandNew ZealandGreeceGreece
Hap10079863United StatesGermanyUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10079864United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10079865United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10079866United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10079867United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10079868United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10079869United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10079870United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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