Ads and affiliate links like this help support the Q-M242 project's efforts to test indigenous peoples. Please read the affiliateship and business disclaimers for details. You may also donate directly here.



Age: 6,752.9 ± 2,186.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T9224C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: T2b23
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup T2b23a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 4,600 and 8,900 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup T2b23a Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

14T2b23aT9224C T16297CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15T2b23aT9224CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16T2b23aT9224CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17T2b23aT9224CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup T2b23a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5004146Behar et al., 2012bnoneT2b23a:309.1C, 315.1C, 513, 7013, 7984, 13887, 15222, 16179
Hap5012247Pichler et al., 2008T2b23a:11812T2b23a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 5315, 14314, 16224, 16362
Hap5012250Pichler et al., 2008T2b23a:11812T2b23a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 5315, 14314, 16224, 16362

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|