Ads and affiliate links like this help support the Q-M242 project's efforts to test indigenous peoples. Please read the affiliateship and business disclaimers for details. You may also donate directly here.



Age: 10,946.0 ± 2,777.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T2141C A13966G
Parent Branch: T2a1b
Descendant branch(s): T2a1b1a


Haplogroup T2a1b1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 8,200 and 13,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup T2a1b1 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

05T2a1b2141 9117 13966Released 8 Jul 2009
06T2a1b2141 9117 13966Released 28 Sep 2009
07T2a1b2141 9117 13966Released 10 Nov 2009
08T2a1b2141 9117 13966Released 21 Mar 2010
09T2a1b2141 9117 13966Released 20 Jun 2010
10T2a1b2141 9117 13966Released 10 Aug 2010
11T2a1b1(150) 2141 13966Released 7 Feb 2011
12T2a1b1(150) 2141 13966Released 20 Jul 2011
13T2a1b12141 13966Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14T2a1b1T2141C A13966GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15T2a1b1T2141C A13966GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16T2a1b1T2141C A13966GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17T2a1b1T2141C A13966GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup T2a1b1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5011089Kloss-Brandstätter et al., 2010T2a1b1:16296T2a1b1:150, 309.1C, 315.1C, 1760, 8705Y, 11134

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10075839UnspecifiedUnited StatesGreeceGreece
Hap10075840United StatesUnited StatesSwitzerlandSwitzerland
Hap10075841United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|