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T2

Summary

Age: 19,316.5 ± 2,545.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: West Asia
Mutations: A11812G A14233G (C16296T)
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: T
Descendant branch(s): T2a T2b T2c T2d T2e T2f T2g T2h T2i T2j T2k T2l T2m T2n

Background

Haplogroup T2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 16,800 and 21,900 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: T2
Age: 18,100 ± 6,400 Years Ago
Origin: West Asia
Blurb: Like the one before, this point in your maternal ancestors’ journey began in West Asia. The woman who had the genetic markers for this point was born about 21,000 years ago at the end of the Paleolithic. From West Asia, her descendants spread across Anatolia and into much of Europe.

Today, this line is present most often in Iraq, where it is around 21 percent of maternal lineages. It is 16 percent of the population in Croatia and about 11 percent of the population in Greece. It is around 15 percent of the population in Belgium, around 13 percent of the population in Denmark, and around 11 percent of the population in Switzerland. It is between 9 and 10 percent of maternal lineages in Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Wales, and Tunisia.

Interest Point: Russian Emperor Nicholas II and the notorious American outlaw Jesse James both belonged to this line.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup T2 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 T2 11812 14233 16296 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 T2 11812 14233 16296 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 T2 11812 14233 (16296) Released 1 Mar 2009
05 T2 11812 14233 (16296) Released 8 Jul 2009
06 T2 11812 14233 (16296) Released 28 Sep 2009
07 T2 11812 14233 (16296) Released 10 Nov 2009
08 T2 11812 14233 (16296) Released 21 Mar 2010
09 T2 11812 14233 (16296) Released 20 Jun 2010
10 T2 11812 14233 (16296) Released 10 Aug 2010
11 T2 11812 14233 (16296) Released 7 Feb 2011
12 T2 11812 14233 (16296) Released 20 Jul 2011
13 T2 11812 14233 (16296) Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 T2 A11812G A14233G C16296T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 T2 A11812G A14233G (C16296T) Released 30 Sep 2012
16 T2 A11812G A14233G (C16296T) Released 19 Feb 2014
17 T2 A11812G A14233G (C16296T) Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup T2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5002062 Behar et al., 2012b T2:16296 T2:315.1C, 13866, 14668, 16239
Hap5004120 Behar et al., 2012b T2:16296 T2:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5004658 Behar et al., 2012b none T2:309.1C, 315.1C, 1673, 16298, 16365
Hap5005448 Bertolin et al., 2011 T2:16311 T2:513, 4736, 5504N, 10456N, 12477, 12738, 16292
Hap5008058 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none T2:215, 315.1C, 2523, 9380, 9438, 16301
Hap5008124 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 T2:16296 T2:214R, 309.1C, 315.1C, 16287
Hap5008531 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none T2:295A, 309.1C, 315.1C, 4655, 15812, 16287
Hap5009110 Gasparre et al., 2007 T2:16296 T2:210, 309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5009165 Ghelli et al., 2009 T2:152, 16296 T2:309.1C, 315.1C, 549, 5438, 7471d, 10750
Hap5009656 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 T2:146, 152, 195, 247, 16126, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16294, 16296, 16311 T2:1-576d, 3918, 9944, 12762, 16024-16569d
Hap5009902 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 T2:146, 152, 195, 247, 16126, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16294, 16296, 16311 T2:1-576d, 1719, 5999, 9709, 16024-16569d
Hap5012643 Raule et al., 2014 T2:152, 16296 T2:309.1CCC, 310G, 3338, 10750, 11944
Hap5012730 Raule et al., 2014 T2:195, 16296 T2:200, 242, 315.1C
Hap5013495 Raule et al., 2014 T2:16296 T2:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5013907 Schönberg et al., 2011 T2:16189 T2:310d, 523-524d, 4774N, 7244, 12236, 13500, 14047N
Hap5019208 Pala et al., 2012 T2:195 T2:315.1C, 1719, 3106N, 4225, 13980, 16275, 16325
Hap5019209 Pala et al., 2012 T2:16296 T2:315.1C, 1719, 6575, 7598, 10031, 13942, 15470
Hap5019210 Pala et al., 2012 T2:16296 T2:309.1C, 315.1C, 3705, 8863, 9824, 12618, 16207
Hap5019211 Pala et al., 2012 T2:195, 16189, 16296 T2:315.1C, 6662, 12528, 13135
Hap5019212 Pala et al., 2012 T2:16296 T2:309.1C, 315.1C, 4017A, 16181
Hap5019214 Pala et al., 2012 none T2:315.1C, 13675, 13710, 16078, 16292
Hap5020966 Derenko et al., 2013 T2:152, 16296 T2:309.1C, 315.1C, 4562, 5824, 10750, 15973
Hap5021152 Derenko et al., 2013 T2:16296 T2:309.1C, 315.1C, 4940A, 6318
Hap5021177 Derenko et al., 2013 T2:152, 16296 T2:309.1C, 315.1C, 10750
Hap5023510 Howell et al., 2003 none T2:7543, 9438, 11778, 14148

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10075063AustraliaAustraliaAustraliaAustralia
Hap10075064United StatesUnited StatesAustriaAustria
Hap10075065BrazilBrazilBrazilBrazil
Hap10075066BulgariaBulgariaBulgariaBulgaria
Hap10075067CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10075068CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10075069United StatesUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10075070CyprusCyprusCyprusCyprus
Hap10075071United KingdomCyprusCyprusCyprus
Hap10075072CanadaCanadaDenmarkDenmark
Hap10075073United StatesUnited StatesDenmarkDenmark
Hap10075074FranceFranceFranceFrance
Hap10075075GermanyGermanyGermanyGermany
Hap10075076GermanyGermanyGermanyGermany
Hap10075077United StatesGermanyGermanyGermany
Hap10075078AustraliaGreeceGreeceGreece
Hap10075079United StatesUnited StatesHungaryHungary
Hap10075080CanadaCanadaIrelandIreland
Hap10075081United StatesUnited StatesIrelandIreland
Hap10075082United StatesBritish TerritoriesItalyItaly
Hap10075083FranceFranceItalyItaly
Hap10075084ItalyItalyItalyItaly
Hap10075085United StatesItalyItalyItaly
Hap10075086United StatesItalyItalyItaly
Hap10075087United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

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Keywords

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Last Updated: Last updated: August 26, 2018 at 8:14 am

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