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Age: 6,161.5 ± 4,801.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T16243C
Parent Branch: T1
Descendant branch(s): T1b1 T1b2 T1b3 T1b4


Haplogroup T1b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,400 and 11,000 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup T1b Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01T1b11647 16243Released 27 Aug 2008
02T1b11647 16243Released 14 Oct 2008
05T1b16243Released 8 Jul 2009
06T1b16243Released 28 Sep 2009
07T1b16243Released 10 Nov 2009
08T1b16243Released 21 Mar 2010
09T1b16243Released 20 Jun 2010
10T1b16243Released 10 Aug 2010
11T1b16243Released 7 Feb 2011
12T1b16243Released 20 Jul 2011
13T1b16243Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14T1bT16243CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15T1bT16243CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16T1bT16243CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17T1bT16243CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup T1b Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5007482Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneT1b:309.1C, 315.1C, 1542
Hap5019122Pala et al., 2012noneT1b:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5019123Pala et al., 2012noneT1b:309.1C, 315.1C, 316, 14319, 14356
Hap5019124Pala et al., 2012noneT1b:153, 309.1C, 315.1C, 16183C
Hap5019127Pala et al., 2012noneT1b:309.1C, 315.1C, 6340, 13351, 15580, 16346
Hap5021112Derenko et al., 2013noneT1b:310, 8463, 16093

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10074987United StatesUnited StatesFranceFrance
Hap10074988United StatesUnited StatesGermanyGermany
Hap10074991United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10074992UnspecifiedUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10074995South AfricaSouth AfricaSouth AfricaSouth Africa
Hap10074997United StatesUnited StatesSpainSpain
Hap10074998United StatesEgyptTurkeyTurkey
Hap10074999United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10075000United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10075002United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10075003United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|
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