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Age: 4,119.0 ± 3,592.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T10321C
Parent Branch: T1a
Descendant branch(s): T1a3a


Haplogroup T1a3 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 500 and 7,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup T1a3 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

05T1a37258 10321Released 8 Jul 2009
06T1a37258 10321Released 28 Sep 2009
07T1a37258 10321Released 10 Nov 2009
08T1a37258 10321Released 21 Mar 2010
09T1a37258 10321Released 20 Jun 2010
10T1a37258 10321Released 10 Aug 2010
11T1a37258 10321Released 7 Feb 2011
12T1a37258 10321Released 20 Jul 2011
13T1a37258 10321Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14T1a3T7258C T10321CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15T1a3T10321CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16T1a3T10321CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17T1a3T10321CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup T1a3 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5019098Pala et al., 2012noneT1a3:140, 195, 315.1C, 3338, 16192, 16234

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|