Age: 2,401.0 ± 2,559.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A9120G A15965G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: T1a1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup T1a1c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 5,000 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup T1a1c Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

14T1a1cA9120G A15965GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15T1a1cA9120G A15965GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16T1a1cA9120G A15965GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17T1a1cA9120G A15965GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup T1a1c Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5002281Behar et al., 2012bnoneT1a1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 16213, 16258
Hap5003252Behar et al., 2012bnoneT1a1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 11491, 16213, 16258
Hap5004159Behar et al., 2012bnoneT1a1c:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5004988Behar et al., 2012bnoneT1a1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 14980A
Hap5005214Behar et al., 2012bnoneT1a1c:315.1C, 5051, 9438
Hap5008106Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneT1a1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 15236

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10074588New ZealandNew ZealandNew ZealandNew Zealand
Hap10074589United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10074590United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10074591United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10074592United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10074593United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10074594United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10074595United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10074596United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10074597United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10074598United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10074599United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10074600United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10074601United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10074602United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10074603United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10074604United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10074605United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10074609United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10074610United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10074611United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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