Age: 4,282.7 ± 3,044.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T10966C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: J2b1a
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup J2b1a3 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,200 and 7,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup J2b1a3 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

05J2b1a310966Released 8 Jul 2009
06J2b1a310966Released 28 Sep 2009
07J2b1a310966Released 10 Nov 2009
08J2b1a310966Released 21 Mar 2010
09J2b1a310966Released 20 Jun 2010
10J2b1a310966Released 10 Aug 2010
11J2b1a310966Released 7 Feb 2011
12J2b1a310966Released 20 Jul 2011
13J2b1a310966Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14J2b1a3T10966CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15J2b1a3T10966CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16J2b1a3T10966CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17J2b1a3T10966CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup J2b1a3 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5002060Behar et al., 2012bnoneJ2b1a3:309.1C, 315.1C, 709, 16111, 16519
Hap5002216Behar et al., 2012bnoneJ2b1a3:309.1C, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5012513Raule et al., 2014noneJ2b1a3:309.1C, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5019016Pala et al., 2012noneJ2b1a3:309.1C, 315.1C, 522.1C, 13135, 16519
Hap5019017Pala et al., 2012noneJ2b1a3:13857, 16042, 16519
Hap5022942McMahon et al., 2000J2b1a3:150J2b1a3:7598, 13242, 14905, 15499, 16519
Hap5022943Zheng et al., 2012noneJ2b1a3:16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10058287CanadaCanadaUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10058288GermanyUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10058289United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10058290United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10058291United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10058292United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10058293United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10058294United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10058295United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10058296United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10058299United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10058300United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10058301United States TerritoriesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10058302UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10058303United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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