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Age: 5,031.6 ± 2,882.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T6216C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: J2b1a
Descendant branch(s): J2b1a2a


Haplogroup J2b1a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,100 and 7,900 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup J2b1a2 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
05 J2b1a2 6216 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 J2b1a2 6216 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 J2b1a2 6216 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 J2b1a2 6216 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 J2b1a2 6216 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 J2b1a2 6216 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 J2b1a2 6216 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 J2b1a2 6216 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 J2b1a2 6216 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 J2b1a2 T6216C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 J2b1a2 T6216C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 J2b1a2 T6216C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 J2b1a2 T6216C Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup J2b1a2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5002945 Behar et al., 2012b none J2b1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 16255
Hap5005035 Behar et al., 2012b J2b1a2:195 J2b1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 324, 2010, 16519
Hap5007513 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none J2b1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 6260, 15601, 16261
Hap5008944 Finnilä et al., 2001 J2b1a2:195 J2b1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 3348, 16186
Hap5008945 Finnilä et al., 2001 J2b1a2:150, 195 J2b1a2:152, 309.1C, 3348
Hap5018366 Gómez-Durán et al., 2011 none J2b1a2:315.1C, 15758, 16519
Hap5019013 Pala et al., 2012 none J2b1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 16093, 16486C
Hap5019014 Pala et al., 2012 J2b1a2:195 J2b1a2:315.1C, 15394, 16148, 16294, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10058223United StatesUnited StatesFinlandFinland
Hap10058225United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10058227United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10058228ChileUnited StatesUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10058229United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10058230United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10058231United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10058232United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10058233United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10058234United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10058235United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10058236United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10058237United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10058238United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10058239United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10058240United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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