Age: 16,052.5 ± 3,880.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C152T!! T6671C A11002G A12570G A15679G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: J2a
Descendant branch(s): J2a2a J2a2b J2a2c J2a2d J2a2e


Haplogroup J2a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 12,200 and 19,900 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup J2a2 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

05J2a2152 6671 11002 12570 15679Released 8 Jul 2009
06J2a2152! 6671 11002 12570 15679Released 28 Sep 2009
07J2a2152! 6671 11002 12570 15679Released 10 Nov 2009
08J2a2152! 6671 11002 12570 15679Released 21 Mar 2010
09J2a2152! 6671 11002 12570 15679Released 20 Jun 2010
10J2a2152! 6671 11002 12570 15679Released 10 Aug 2010
11J2a2152! 6671 11002 12570 15679Released 7 Feb 2011
12J2a2152! 6671 11002 12570 15679Released 20 Jul 2011
13J2a2152! 6671 11002 12570 15679Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14J2a2C152T!! T6671C A11002G A12570G A15679GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15J2a2C152T!! T6671C A11002G A12570G A15679GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16J2a2C152T!! T6671C A11002G A12570G A15679GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17J2a2C152T!! T6671C A11002G A12570G A15679GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup J2a2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5009555Herrnstadt et al., 2002J2a2:146, 150, 152, 247, 295, 489, 16069, 16126, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16311J2a2:1-576d, 3337, 4435, 16024-16569d
Hap5012699Raule et al., 2014noneJ2a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 8496, 10685, 14364, 16172
Hap5019000Pala et al., 2012noneJ2a2:315.1C, 10685, 13500, 14364, 16456

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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