Age: 7,591.6 ± 2,889.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: 310.1T T1850C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: J2a1a1
Descendant branch(s): J2a1a1a1 J2a1a1a2 J2a1a1a3


Haplogroup J2a1a1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 4,700 and 10,500 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup J2a1a1a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

02J2a1a1850Released 14 Oct 2008
05J2a1a1310.1T 1850Released 8 Jul 2009
06J2a1a1310.1T 1850Released 28 Sep 2009
07J2a1a1310.1T 1850Released 10 Nov 2009
08J2a1a1310.1T 1850Released 21 Mar 2010
09J2a1a1310.1T 1850Released 20 Jun 2010
10J2a1a1310.1T 1850Released 10 Aug 2010
11J2a1a1310.1T 1850Released 7 Feb 2011
12J2a1a1310.1T 1850Released 20 Jul 2011
13J2a1a1310.1T 1850Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14J2a1a1a310.1T T1850CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15J2a1a1a310.1T T1850CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16J2a1a1a310.1T T1850CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17J2a1a1a310.1T T1850CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup J2a1a1a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001919Behar et al., 2012bnoneJ2a1a1a:211, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5003159Behar et al., 2012bJ2a1a1a:215J2a1a1a:315.1C, 524.1AC, 16299, 16519
Hap5003958Behar et al., 2012bJ2a1a1a:16231J2a1a1a:315.1C, 10565, 15905, 16519
Hap5004305Behar et al., 2012bJ2a1a1a:16311J2a1a1a:279, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5004933Behar et al., 2012bnoneJ2a1a1a:152, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5007621Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneJ2a1a1a:315.1C, 16519
Hap5007727Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneJ2a1a1a:315.1C, 16519
Hap5012597Raule et al., 2014noneJ2a1a1a:315.1C, 16519
Hap5012613Raule et al., 2014noneJ2a1a1a:315.1C, 16299, 16519
Hap5013016Raule et al., 2014noneJ2a1a1a:315.1C, 573.1XC, 5585, 15217, 16519
Hap5013048Raule et al., 2014J2a1a1a:146J2a1a1a:315.1C, 5585, 8245, 11900R, 15217, 16519
Hap5013286Raule et al., 2014noneJ2a1a1a:203, 315.1C, 9477, 16519
Hap5013530Raule et al., 2014noneJ2a1a1a:315.1C, 16519
Hap5013713Raule et al., 2014noneJ2a1a1a:315.1C, 16519
Hap5016809Malyarchuk et al., 2010anoneJ2a1a1a:315.1C, 13635, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10057070United StatesCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10057071United StatesCroatiaCroatiaCroatia
Hap10057078United StatesUnited StatesNetherlandsNetherlands
Hap10057079New ZealandNew ZealandNew ZealandNew Zealand
Hap10057081United StatesUnited StatesNorwayNorway
Hap10057084CanadaCanadaUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10057085United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10057086United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10057087United StatesPhilippinesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10057088United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10057089United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10057090United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10057091United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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