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Age: 8,949.8 ± 3,051.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A13722G C16261T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: J2a1a
Descendant branch(s): J2a1a1a J2a1a1b J2a1a1c J2a1a1d J2a1a1e


Haplogroup J2a1a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 5,900 and 12,000 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup J2a1a1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
02 J2a1 13722 16261 Released 14 Oct 2008
14 J2a1a1 A13722G C16261T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 J2a1a1 A13722G C16261T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 J2a1a1 A13722G C16261T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 J2a1a1 A13722G C16261T Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup J2a1a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001165 Behar et al., 2012b none J2a1a1:75, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16186, 16519
Hap5001574 Behar et al., 2012b J2a1a1:16126 J2a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5004716 Behar et al., 2012b J2a1a1:16126 J2a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 980, 16519
Hap5007391 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 J2a1a1:215 J2a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 709, 7051, 8857, 15848
Hap5007975 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 J2a1a1:16126 J2a1a1:246, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 16207, 16222, 16519
Hap5009017 Fraumene et al., 2006 J2a1a1:319, 513 J2a1a1:16519
Hap5018979 Pala et al., 2012 none J2a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 3375, 10172, 16519
Hap5018981 Pala et al., 2012 J2a1a1:215 J2a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 509, 16172
Hap5018982 Pala et al., 2012 J2a1a1:215 J2a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 2880, 10456, 12684, 16239, 16260, 16519
Hap5018989 Pala et al., 2012 none J2a1a1:189, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 13020, 16519
Hap5022933 McMahon et al., 2000 J2a1a1:215, 489 J2a1a1:41, 152, 310, 389, 1844, 16519
Hap5022934 Zheng et al., 2012 J2a1a1:146 J2a1a1:2392, 16519
Hap5022935 Zheng et al., 2012 J2a1a1:16126 J2a1a1:16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10056841CanadaCanadaBritish TerritoriesBritish Territories
Hap10056846United StatesCubaCubaCuba
Hap10056847United StatesUnited StatesGermanyGermany
Hap10056849United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10056850United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10056851United StatesUnited StatesLebanonLebanon
Hap10056852United StatesLithuaniaLithuaniaLithuania
Hap10056855New ZealandNew ZealandNew ZealandNew Zealand
Hap10056856New ZealandNew ZealandNew ZealandNew Zealand
Hap10056857New ZealandNew ZealandNew ZealandNew Zealand
Hap10056858United StatesUnited StatesNorwayNorway
Hap10056859United StatesUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10056860Puerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto Rico
Hap10056861United StatesUnited StatesPuerto RicoPuerto Rico
Hap10056864United StatesSloveniaSloveniaSlovenia

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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