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Age: 4,073.0 ± 3,086.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A9632G T12083g
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: J1c
Descendant branch(s): J1c4b J1c4c


Haplogroup J1c4 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,000 and 7,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup J1c4 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
02 J1c4 9632 12083G Released 14 Oct 2008
04 J1c4 9632 12083G Released 10 May 2009
05 J1c4 9632 12083G Released 8 Jul 2009
06 J1c4 9632 12083G Released 28 Sep 2009
07 J1c4 9632 12083G Released 10 Nov 2009
08 J1c4 9632 12083G Released 21 Mar 2010
09 J1c4 9632 12083G Released 20 Jun 2010
10 J1c4 9632 12083G Released 10 Aug 2010
11 J1c4 9632 12083G Released 7 Feb 2011
12 J1c4 9632 12083G Released 20 Jul 2011
13 J1c4 9632 12083G Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 J1c4 A9632G T12083g Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 J1c4 A9632G T12083g Released 30 Sep 2012
16 J1c4 A9632G T12083g Released 19 Feb 2014
17 J1c4 A9632G T12083g Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup J1c4 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5004746 Behar et al., 2012b J1c4:16189 J1c4:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5004772 Behar et al., 2012b J1c4:185 J1c4:315.1C, 2772, 16519
Hap5005663 Carelli et al., 2006 J1c4:11914 J1c4:309.1C, 315.1C, 11778, 16519
Hap5005664 Carelli et al., 2006 J1c4:11914 J1c4:309.1C, 315.1C, 11778, 16519
Hap5006588 Coble et al., 2004 none J1c4:309.1C, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5006591 Coble et al., 2004 none J1c4:315.1C, 16519
Hap5007442 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 J1c4:195 J1c4:309.1C, 315.1C, 3663, 16519
Hap5008484 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none J1c4:315.1C, 9132, 16290, 16519
Hap5010118 Ingman et al., 2000 none J1c4:315.1C, 16519
Hap5012114 Pello et al., 2008 J1c4:11914 J1c4:309.1C, 315.1C, 11778, 16519
Hap5012603 Raule et al., 2014 none J1c4:315.1C, 9181, 15924, 16519
Hap5013099 Raule et al., 2014 J1c4:16189, 16311 J1c4:309.1C, 315.1C, 5746R
Hap5013223 Raule et al., 2014 J1c4:228 J1c4:309.1CC, 315.1C, 5978
Hap5013483 Raule et al., 2014 none J1c4:315.1C, 8696, 12807, 13863Y, 15924, 16519
Hap5016804 Malyarchuk et al., 2010a none J1c4:315.1C, 16519
Hap5017883 J1c4:195, 228 J1c4:315.1C, 16519
Hap5018915 Pala et al., 2012 J1c4:16189 J1c4:309.1C, 315.1C, 12172, 13858, 13911, 16519
Hap5018916 Pala et al., 2012 none J1c4:189, 309.1C, 315.1C, 16093, 16245, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10055340New ZealandUnited KingdomChannel IslandsChannel Islands
Hap10055341United StatesEstoniaEstoniaEstonia
Hap10055342United StatesFranceFranceFrance
Hap10055347United StatesGermanyGermanyGermany
Hap10055348United StatesUnited StatesGermanyGermany
Hap10055349UnspecifiedUnited StatesGermanyGermany
Hap10055350CanadaUnited KingdomIndiaIndia
Hap10055353United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10055354United StatesUnited StatesNetherlandsNetherlands
Hap10055355United StatesUnited StatesNetherlandsNetherlands
Hap10055356AustraliaNew ZealandNew ZealandNew Zealand
Hap10055358United StatesUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10055359United StatesUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10055360United StatesUnited StatesPolandPoland

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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