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Age: 2,093.0 ± 2,270.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G5237A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: J1c3b
Descendant branch(s): J1c3b1a


Haplogroup J1c3b1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 4,400 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup J1c3b1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
05 J1c3b1 5237 6261 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 J1c3b1 5237 6261 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 J1c3b1 5237 6261 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 J1c3b1 5237 6261 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 J1c3b1 5237 6261 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 J1c3b1 5237 6261 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 J1c3b1 5237 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 J1c3b1 5237 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 J1c3b1 5237 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 J1c3b1 G5237A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 J1c3b1 G5237A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 J1c3b1 G5237A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 J1c3b1 G5237A Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup J1c3b1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5003029 Behar et al., 2012b J1c3b1:228 J1c3b1:309.1C, 315.1C, 16189Y
Hap5004805 Behar et al., 2012b J1c3b1:228 J1c3b1:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5007970 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 J1c3b1:228 J1c3b1:315.1C, 9007, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10054499United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10054500CanadaCanadaUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10054501FranceUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10054502United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10054503United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10054504United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10054505United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10054506United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10054507United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10054508United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10054509United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10054510United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10054511United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10054512UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10054513United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10054514United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10054515United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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