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Age: 2,264.6 ± 2,151.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T9836C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: J1c3a
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup J1c3a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 100 and 4,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup J1c3a2 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
14 J1c3a2 T9836C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 J1c3a2 T9836C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 J1c3a2 T9836C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 J1c3a2 T9836C Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup J1c3a2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5002827 Behar et al., 2012b J1c3a2:185 J1c3a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 15799, 16288, 16290, 16519
Hap5003150 Behar et al., 2012b J1c3a2:185 J1c3a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5003973 Behar et al., 2012b J1c3a2:185, 228 J1c3a2:315.1C, 16519
Hap5006604 Coble et al., 2004 J1c3a2:185 J1c3a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 14323, 15355, 16519
Hap5006608 Coble et al., 2004 J1c3a2:185 J1c3a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 14323, 15355, 16519
Hap5013736 Raule et al., 2014 J1c3a2:185 J1c3a2:315.1C, 593, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10054259United StatesAustriaAustriaAustria
Hap10054268United StatesUnited StatesSloveniaSlovenia
Hap10054269United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10054270CanadaCanadaUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10054271United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10054272United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10054273United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10054274United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10054275United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10054276United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10054277United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10054278United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10054279United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10054281United KingdomUnited KingdomUnspecifiedUnited Kingdom
Hap10054282United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10054283United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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