Age: 2,942.8 ± 2,249.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: C222T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: J1c2c
Descendant branch(s): J1c2c1a

YFull Info

Name: -

Age: -

Expansion: -

Variants: -

Note: This information does not imply an endorcement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.


Haplogroup J1c2c1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 700 and 5,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup J1c2c1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
08 J1c2c1 222 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 J1c2c1 222 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 J1c2c1 222 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 J1c2c1 222 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 J1c2c1 222 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 J1c2c1 222 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 J1c2c1 C222T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 J1c2c1 C222T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 J1c2c1 C222T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 J1c2c1 C222T Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup J1c2c1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Origin Publication Hg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFull Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5001376 Behar et al., 2012b J1c2c1 J1c2c* none J1c2c1:222Y, 309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5001857 Behar et al., 2012b J1c2c1 J1c2c1* none J1c2c1:315.1C, 2707, 16362
Hap5007425 - Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 J1c2c1 - none J1c2c1:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5009079 Italy Gasparre et al., 2007 J1c2c1 J1c2c1* J1c2c1:489 J1c2c1:1-11d, 14-23d, 31.1C, 71.1G, 114.1C, 315.1C, 2702, 7441A, 13980, 16213, 16294
Hap5012939 Finland Raule et al., 2014 J1c2c1 J1c2c1* none J1c2c1:315.1C, 8697, 8764, 10398, 15457
Hap5015445 South Africa van der Walt et al. 2012 J1c2c1 J1c2c1* none J1c2c1:291d, 3420
Hap5018883 Romania Pala et al., 2012 J1c2c1 J1c2c1* none J1c2c1:315.1C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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