Age: 9,762.5 ± 2,010.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A188G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: J1c
Descendant branch(s): J1c2a J1c2b J1c2c J1c2d J1c2e J1c2f J1c2g J1c2h J1c2i J1c2j J1c2k J1c2l J1c2m J1c2n J1c2o J1c2p J1c2q J1c2r J1c2s J1c2t


Haplogroup J1c2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 7,800 and 11,800 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup J1c2 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

02J1c1188Released 14 Oct 2008
04J1c1188Released 10 May 2009
05J1c1188Released 8 Jul 2009
06J1c1188Released 28 Sep 2009
07J1c2188Released 10 Nov 2009
08J1c2188Released 21 Mar 2010
09J1c2188Released 20 Jun 2010
10J1c2188Released 10 Aug 2010
11J1c2188Released 7 Feb 2011
12J1c2188Released 20 Jul 2011
13J1c2188Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14J1c2A188GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15J1c2A188GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16J1c2A188GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17J1c2A188GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup J1c2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001236Behar et al., 2012bnoneJ1c2:315.1C, 7245, 11654, 14783
Hap5001468Behar et al., 2012bnoneJ1c2:234, 309.1C, 315.1C, 8538
Hap5001577Behar et al., 2012bnoneJ1c2:309.1C, 315.1C, 13824
Hap5001803Behar et al., 2012bJ1c2:228J1c2:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3666, 5460
Hap5001873Behar et al., 2012bnoneJ1c2:309.1C, 315.1C, 3705C
Hap5001939Behar et al., 2012bnoneJ1c2:309.1CC, 315.1C, 1438, 8380, 9117, 9488, 16261, 16519
Hap5002073Behar et al., 2012bnoneJ1c2:309.1C, 315.1C, 4703, 14598
Hap5002819Behar et al., 2012bnoneJ1c2:315.1C, 15884, 16260
Hap5002914Behar et al., 2012bnoneJ1c2:315.1C, 524.1AC
Hap5002949Behar et al., 2012bnoneJ1c2:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 9070, 12870, 16239, 16519
Hap5002970Behar et al., 2012bnoneJ1c2:234, 309.1C, 315.1C, 316, 16261, 16519
Hap5003152Behar et al., 2012bJ1c2:228J1c2:309.1C, 315.1C, 6563
Hap5003176Behar et al., 2012bnoneJ1c2:315.1C, 14560
Hap5003391Behar et al., 2012bJ1c2:16189J1c2:315.1C, 9591, 11422A, 16111, 16519
Hap5004293Behar et al., 2012bnoneJ1c2:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 7270, 16239, 16519
Hap5004800Behar et al., 2012bJ1c2:13708J1c2:150Y, 315.1C, 10463
Hap5005082Behar et al., 2012bnoneJ1c2:315.1C, 5774, 13827
Hap5006609Coble et al., 2004noneJ1c2:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5006610Coble et al., 2004noneJ1c2:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 8285
Hap5006612Coble et al., 2004noneJ1c2:315.1C
Hap5006615Coble et al., 2004noneJ1c2:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 12397
Hap5006619Coble et al., 2004noneJ1c2:315.1C
Hap5006621Coble et al., 2004noneJ1c2:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5007225Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016J1c2:228J1c2:315.1C, 930, 10876, 13827
Hap5007748Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneJ1c2:315.1C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10052353United StatesUnited StatesAustriaAustria
Hap10052354United StatesUnited StatesAustriaAustria
Hap10052356GermanyBosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina
Hap10052367United StatesCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10052368United StatesUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10052369United StatesUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10052370United StatesUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10052371United StatesUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10052372United StatesUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10052373CroatiaCzech RepublicCroatiaCroatia
Hap10052374United StatesUnited StatesCzech RepublicCzech Republic
Hap10052375United StatesUnited StatesCzech RepublicCzech Republic

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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