Age: 16,233.1 ± 3,466.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: West Asia
Mutations: G8269A G16145A (C16222T) C16261T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: J1
Descendant branch(s): J1b1 J1b2 J1b3 J1b4 J1b5 J1b6 J1b7 J1b8 J1b9


Haplogroup J1b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 12,800 and 19,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: J1b
Age: 11,300 ± 4,650 Years Ago
Origin: West Asia
Blurb: The next point in your ancestors' travels happened around 11,000 years ago during the late glacial maximum. From its birthplace in the Levant region, this line has spread across much of Arabia, into Central Asia, and across most of Europe. It owes its present distribution to women from the lineage who took part in the Neolithic revolution.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup J1b Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01J1a'b8269 16145 16222 16261Released 27 Aug 2008
02J1a'b'e8269 16145 16222 16261Released 14 Oct 2008
04J1b8269 16145 16222 16261Released 10 May 2009
05J1b8269 16145 16222 16261Released 8 Jul 2009
06J1b8269 16145 16222 16261Released 28 Sep 2009
07J1b8269 16145 16222 16261Released 10 Nov 2009
08J1b8269 16145 16222 16261Released 21 Mar 2010
09J1b8269 16145 16222 16261Released 20 Jun 2010
10J1b8269 16145 16222 16261Released 10 Aug 2010
11J1b8269 16145 16222 16261Released 7 Feb 2011
12J1b8269 16145 16222 16261Released 20 Jul 2011
13J1b8269 16145 (16222) 16261Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14J1bG8269A G16145A (C16222T) C16261TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15J1bG8269A G16145A (C16222T) C16261TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16J1bG8269A G16145A (C16222T) C16261TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17J1bG8269A G16145A (C16222T) C16261TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup J1b Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5013006Raule et al., 2014J1b:152, 16311J1b:94, 315.1C, 10274, 12372, 13145, 16186, 16274, 16287, 16319, 16535
Hap5018861Pala et al., 2012J1b:13105, 16261, 16278J1b:199, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 4755, 12779, 14569, 15712, 16256, 16519
Hap5018862Pala et al., 2012J1b:152, 10873, 16126, 16222J1b:151, 309.1C, 315.1C, 4354, 5237, 6962, 7364, 13933, 14020, 16519
Hap5021090Derenko et al., 2013J1b:146J1b:315.1C, 316, 3593, 13132, 14893, 16519
Hap5021138Derenko et al., 2013J1b:152, 7521, 16222, 16311J1b:315.1C, 5432, 16319, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10049936United KingdomIranIranIran

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: August 6, 2018 at 8:23 am

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.