Age: 26,935.1 ± 5,272.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C462T G3010A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: J
Descendant branch(s): J1b J1c J1d


Haplogroup J1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 21,700 and 32,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup J1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01J1462 3010Released 27 Aug 2008
02J1462 3010Released 14 Oct 2008
03J1462 3010Released 1 Mar 2009
04J1462 3010Released 10 May 2009
05J1462 3010Released 8 Jul 2009
06J1462 3010Released 28 Sep 2009
07J1462 3010Released 10 Nov 2009
08J1462 3010Released 21 Mar 2010
09J1462 3010Released 20 Jun 2010
10J1462 3010Released 10 Aug 2010
11J1462 3010Released 7 Feb 2011
12J1462 3010Released 20 Jul 2011
13J1462 3010Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14J1C462T G3010AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15J1C462T G3010AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16J1C462T G3010AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17J1C462T G3010AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup J1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5007171Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneJ1:309.1C, 315.1C, 14798, 16261, 16519
Hap5007299Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneJ1:309.1C, 315.1C, 14798, 16261, 16519
Hap5012700Raule et al., 2014J1:489, 13708J1:309.1C, 315.1C, 709, 2851, 14798, 16261, 16519
Hap5015929Malyarchuk et al., 2008cnoneJ1:309.1C, 315.1C, 14798, 16261, 16519
Hap5018923Pala et al., 2012noneJ1:12218, 14798, 16261, 16519
Hap5018924Pala et al., 2012noneJ1:14798, 16261, 16519
Hap5018925Pala et al., 2012noneJ1:309.1C, 315.1C, 14798, 16261, 16519
Hap5018926Pala et al., 2012noneJ1:315.1C, 14798, 16261, 16519
Hap5018927Pala et al., 2012J1:16311J1:2851, 14798, 16261, 16519
Hap5018928Pala et al., 2012noneJ1:309.1C, 315.1C, 5308, 14798, 16114G, 16261, 16519
Hap5018929Pala et al., 2012noneJ1:309.1C, 315.1C, 14798, 16261, 16474, 16519
Hap5018930Pala et al., 2012noneJ1:8222, 14798, 16261, 16519
Hap5018951Pala et al., 2012noneJ1:14798, 16519
Hap5018961Pala et al., 2012noneJ1:294, 309.1C, 315.1C, 5423, 10933, 11260, 16169, 16193, 16274

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10049925United StatesRomaniaRomaniaRomania
Hap10049926AustriaSerbia and MontenegroUnspecifiedSerbia and Montenegro
Hap10049927United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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