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Age: Undetermined
Origin: The Caucasus
Mutations: A3796G T9101C
Parent Branch: R1a1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup R1a1b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between recent generations and 4,000 years (Behar et al., 2012b). Like its parent, it likely originates in the Caucasus region.

It has only been documented in two published studies. A member from Georgia in the Caucasus in Schönberg et al., 2011. Then rather unusually someone from the Hui people in Kong et al., 2011.

The one person from the lineage in Geno 2 data has not entered demographic information.


mtDNA Haplogroup R1a1b Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

16R1a1bA3796G T9101CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17R1a1bA3796G T9101CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup R1a1b Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5014033Schönberg et al., 2011noneR1a1b:310, 4959, 5426G, 6357, 11692N, 12727
Hap5017222Kong et al., 2011noneR1a1b:309.1C, 315.1C, 16131, 16213

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: Hui | Places: China and Georgia

Last Updated: Last updated: July 31, 2016 at 8:00 am

2016-07-31T08:00:31+00:00June 6th, 2016|