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R1a1a2

Summary

Age: 2,004.9 ± 1,993.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: The Caucasus
Mutations: T5492C C8765T C11977T
Parent Branch: R1a1a
Descendant branch(s):

Background

Haplogroup R1a1a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity. The age of this branch is unclear. We can say that it is younger than its parent that is between 1,700 and 6,200 years old (Behar et al., 2012b). Like its parent, it was likely born in the Caucasus region.

Published studies include six samples from citizen science. Five of these do not have demographic information (Behar et al., 2012b). The sixth is a Canadian with origins in the British Isles (Greenspan et al., 2006 – 2016). A medical study (Raule et al., 2014) tested two people from this lineage. They are from Denmark.

Geno 2 data includes members of this lineage from Germany, Poland, and the United Kingdom. There are also many Americans with European origins.

Based on the branch's young age and the modern distribution, it is possible that women from this line were part of the migrations into Europe during the Bronze age.

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
14R1a1bT5492C C8765T C11977TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15R1a1bT5492C C8765T C11977TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16R1a1a2T5492C C8765T C11977TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17R1a1a2T5492C C8765T C11977TReleased 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001827Behar et al., 2012bnoneR1a1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 4823
Hap5001842Behar et al., 2012bnoneR1a1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 9452, 11172
Hap5002031Behar et al., 2012bnoneR1a1a2:309.1CC, 315.1C, 524.1AC
Hap5004419Behar et al., 2012bnoneR1a1a2:64Y, 309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5004462Behar et al., 2012bnoneR1a1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 4718, 15497
Hap5007580Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneR1a1a2:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5012623Raule et al., 2014noneR1a1a2:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5013429Raule et al., 2014noneR1a1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 11929

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10072703ItalyUnited StatesGermanyGermany
Hap10072704United StatesGermanyPolandPoland
Hap10072705United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10072706United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10072707United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10072708United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10072709United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10072710United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10072711United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10072712United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10072713United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10072714United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10072715United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10072716United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10072717United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10072718United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10072719United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10072720United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10072721United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10072722UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10072723United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10072724United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10072725UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072726UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072727UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072728UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072729UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072730UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072731UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072732UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072733UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072734UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072735UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072736UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072737UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072738UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072739UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072740UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072741UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072742UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072743UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072744UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072745UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072746UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072747UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072748UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072749UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072750UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072751UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072752UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072753UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072754UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072755UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072756UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072757UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

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Last Updated: Last updated: July 30, 2016 at 11:30 am

Keywords

Peoples: | Places: British Isles, Denmark, Germany, and Poland

2016-07-30T11:30:25+00:00 June 6th, 2016|