Ads and affiliate links like this help support the Q-M242 project's efforts to test indigenous peoples. Please read the affiliateship and business disclaimers for details. You may also donate directly here.



Age: 7,046.0 ± 2,334.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: The Caucasus
Mutations: A5378G
Parent Branch: R1a1
Descendant branch(s): R1a1a1 R1a1a2


Haplogroup R1a1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,700 and 6,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Published literature only has a handful of people who belong to this line but not one of its daughter lines. The two citizen science donated samples do not have demographic information (Behar et al., 2012b). Two samples come from Fedorova et al., 2013. One is Italian and the other Assyrian. There is a member of this lineage in a study of the maternal origins of India (Palanichamy et al., 2004).

Geno 2 data includes people from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Netherlands, Poland, and Spain. There are also many participants from the United States with European maternal origins.


Like its parent, this line was likely born in the Caucasus region. From there, its spread has been mostly north and west into Europe. Although it has been suggested that the Indian sample in Palanichamy et al., 2004 marks the spread of R1a lineages to India. Because this line is found in the Netherlands and perhaps further west, it is possible that the line was cared to India during the recent colonial period.

mtDNA Haplogroup R1a1a Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

11R1a15378Released 7 Feb 2011
12R1a15378Released 20 Jul 2011
13R1a15378Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14R1a1A5378GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15R1a1A5378GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16R1a1aA5378GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17R1a1aA5378GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup R1a1a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5004653Behar et al., 2012bR1a1a:16189R1a1a:204, 207, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 12900, 16183C
Hap5004919Behar et al., 2012bnoneR1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 15326
Hap5008667Fedorova et al., 2013noneR1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 14927T
Hap5008674Fedorova et al., 2013noneR1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 3204
Hap5012104Palanichamy et al., 2004noneR1a1a:315.1C, 3337, 12064, 14323, 16176

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10072672Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina
Hap10072674United StatesUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10072675United StatesUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10072677United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10072678United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10072679United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10072680United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10072681United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10072682United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10072683United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10072684UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10072685United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10072686United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10072687United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10072688United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, and Spain

Last Updated: Last updated: August 1, 2016 at 14:59 pm

2016-08-01T14:59:24+00:00June 6th, 2016|