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R1a

Summary

Age: 11,420.5 ± 3,550.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: The Caucasus
Mutations: C295a A3360G A4917G C5586T A5823G C6557T T6671C T7547C T8388C A8887G A10658G A10825G C13948T C14632T T15721C
Parent Branch: R1
Descendant branch(s): R1a1

Background

Haplogroup R1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 5,700 and 10,900 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

This lineage has been widely studied. Malyarchuk et al., 2008a brought previous research together and concluded that it likely arose in the Caucasus region. From there, both it and descendant lines spread north to Eastern Europe and across the upper Middle East to India.

Schönberg et al., 2011 found one member of this lineage in Georgia and another in Iran. Malyarchuk et al., 2008a included someone from Russia. Fedorova et al., 2013 found it in two samples from Russia, two from Iran, and one from Egypt.

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Interestingly, Geno 2 data includes someone from Italy.

mtDNA Haplogroup R1a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
01R1295A 1391 3360 4917 5586 5823 6557 6671 7547 8388 8887 10658 10825 13948 14632 15721 16311 16519Released 27 Aug 2008
02R1295A 1391 3360 4917 5586 5823 6557 6671 7547 8388 8887 10658 10825 13948 14632 15721 16311 16519Released 14 Oct 2008
03R1295A 1391 3360 4917 5586 5823 6557 6671 7547 8388 8887 10658 10825 13948 14632 15721 16311Released 1 Mar 2009
04R1295A 1391 3360 4917 5586 5823 6557 6671 7547 8388 8887 10658 10825 13948 14632 15721 16311Released 10 May 2009
05R1295A 1391 3360 4917 5586 5823 6557 6671 7547 8388 8887 10658 10825 13948 14632 15721 16311Released 8 Jul 2009
06R1295A 1391 3360 4917 5586 5823 6557 6671 7547 8388 8887 10658 10825 13948 14632 15721 16311Released 28 Sep 2009
07R1295A 1391 3360 4917 5586 5823 6557 6671 7547 8388 8887 10658 10825 13948 14632 15721 16311Released 10 Nov 2009
08R1295A 1391 3360 4917 5586 5823 6557 6671 7547 8388 8887 10658 10825 13948 14632 15721 16311Released 21 Mar 2010
09R1295A 1391 3360 4917 5586 5823 6557 6671 7547 8388 8887 10658 10825 13948 14632 15721 16311Released 20 Jun 2010
10R1295A 1391 3360 4917 5586 5823 6557 6671 7547 8388 8887 10658 10825 13948 14632 15721 16311Released 10 Aug 2010
11R1295A 1391 3360 4917 5586 5823 6557 6671 7547 8388 8887 10658 10825 13948 14632 15721 16311Released 7 Feb 2011
12R1295A 1391 3360 4917 5586 5823 6557 6671 7547 8388 8887 10658 10825 13948 14632 15721 16311Released 20 Jul 2011
13R1295A 1391 3360 4917 5586 5823 6557 6671 7547 8388 8887 10658 10825 13948 14632 15721 16311Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14R1C295a T1391C A3360G A4917G C5586T A5823G C6557T T6671C T7547C T8388C A8887G A10658G A10825G C13948T C14632T T15721C T16311C!Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15R1C295a T1391C A3360G A4917G C5586T A5823G C6557T T6671C T7547C T8388C A8887G A10658G A10825G C13948T C14632T T15721C T16311C!Released 30 Sep 2012
16R1aC295a A3360G A4917G C5586T A5823G C6557T T6671C T7547C T8388C A8887G A10658G A10825G C13948T C14632T T15721CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17R1aC295a A3360G A4917G C5586T A5823G C6557T T6671C T7547C T8388C A8887G A10658G A10825G C13948T C14632T T15721CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup R1a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5008664Fedorova et al., 2013noneR1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 6872, 16362
Hap5008666Fedorova et al., 2013noneR1a:315.1C
Hap5008670Fedorova et al., 2013R1a:16278R1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 15326, 15497
Hap5008671Fedorova et al., 2013R1a:16278R1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 15326, 15497
Hap5008677Fedorova et al., 2013R1a:13105R1a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 2706, 5063, 7473, 14144, 14668, 16527
Hap5013982Schönberg et al., 2011noneR1a:310, 16362
Hap5014028Schönberg et al., 2011noneR1a:257N, 310, 16362
Hap5016060R1a:16278R1a:315.1C, 14162, 15326, 15497

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10072662United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10072663UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072664UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072665UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072666UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072667UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Keywords

Peoples: Georgians and Iranians | Places: Caucasus, Europe, India, and Middle East

Last Updated: Last updated: July 29, 2016 at 9:50 am

2016-07-29T09:50:23+00:00June 6th, 2016|