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Age: 1,835.7 ± 2,562.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C150T T2351C A9531G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: R0a
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup R0a4 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 4,400 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup R0a4 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
14 R0a4 C150T T2351C A9531G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 R0a4 C150T T2351C A9531G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 R0a4 C150T T2351C A9531G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 R0a4 C150T T2351C A9531G Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup R0a4 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5002298 Behar et al., 2012b none R0a4:315.1C, 16519
Hap5004663 Behar et al., 2012b none R0a4:309.1C, 315.1C, 12058, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10072597United StatesUnited StatesBelarusBelarus
Hap10072599United StatesUnited KingdomLithuaniaLithuania
Hap10072600United StatesUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10072602United StatesUnited StatesUkraineUkraine
Hap10072603United StatesUnited StatesUkraineUkraine
Hap10072604United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10072605United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10072606United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10072607United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10072608United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10072609United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10072610United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10072611United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10072612United StatesPolandUnspecifiedPoland
Hap10072613United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10072614United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10072615United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10072616United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10072617United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10072618United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10072621United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: July 2, 2016 at 0:51 am

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