Age: 8,209.1 ± 5,762.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: T16172C C16184a
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: R0a2
Descendant branch(s):

YFull Info

Name: R0a2h

Age: 21100 to 18500 ybp [95% CI]

Expansion: -

Variants: T16172C C16184A

Note: This information does not imply an endorcement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.


Haplogroup R0a2h is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,400 and 14,000 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup R0a2h Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
10 R0a2h 16172 16184A Released 10 Aug 2010
11 R0a2h 16172 16184A Released 7 Feb 2011
12 R0a2h 16172 16184A Released 20 Jul 2011
13 R0a2h 16172 16184A Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 R0a2h T16172C C16184a Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 R0a2h T16172C C16184a Released 30 Sep 2012
16 R0a2h T16172C C16184a Released 19 Feb 2014
17 R0a2h T16172C C16184a Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup R0a2h Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Origin Publication Hg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFull Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5015611 Saudi Arabia R0a2h R0a2h* R0a2h:58, 195 R0a2h:309.1C, 16295, 16519
Hap5017414 Yemen Černý et al., 2011 R0a2h R0a2h1 R0a2h:769 R0a2h:315.1C, 8764, 9389, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10072538 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072539 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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