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Age: 12,639.7 ± 3,218.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T146C! G8292A C11761T C16355T
Parent Branch: R0a1
Descendant branch(s): R0a1a1 R0a1a2 R0a1a3 R0a1a4


Haplogroup R0a1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 9,400 and 15,900 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup R0a1a Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01R0a1a11719 12040 14544Released 27 Aug 2008
01R0a2a146 8292 11761 16355Released 27 Aug 2008
02R0a1a11719 12040 14544Released 14 Oct 2008
02R0a2a146 8292 11761 16355Released 14 Oct 2008
03R0a1a11719 12040 14544Released 1 Mar 2009
03R0a2a146 8292 11761 16355Released 1 Mar 2009
04R0a1a146 8292 11761 16355Released 10 May 2009
05R0a1a146 8292 11761 16355Released 8 Jul 2009
06R0a1a146 8292 11761 16355Released 28 Sep 2009
07R0a1a146 8292 11761 16355Released 10 Nov 2009
08R0a1a146 8292 11761 16355Released 21 Mar 2010
09R0a1a146 8292 11761 16355Released 20 Jun 2010
10R0a1a146 8292 11761 16355Released 10 Aug 2010
11R0a1a146 8292 11761 16355Released 7 Feb 2011
12R0a1a146 8292 11761 16355Released 20 Jul 2011
13R0a1a146 8292 11761 16355Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14R0a1aT146C! G8292A C11761T C16355TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15R0a1aT146C! G8292A C11761T C16355TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16R0a1aT146C! G8292A C11761T C16355TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17R0a1aT146C! G8292A C11761T C16355TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup R0a1a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5004727Behar et al., 2012bnoneR0a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 8527, 15779, 16519
Hap5009121Gasparre et al., 2007R0a1a:16355R0a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 5605, 6026R, 6480
Hap5012715Raule et al., 2014noneR0a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 1393, 4838, 13768, 16519
Hap5015606R0a1a:152, 16355R0a1a:309.1CC, 16355A, 16519
Hap5015608R0a1a:16355R0a1a:196, 3533, 15850G, 16274, 16355A, 16519
Hap5015610R0a1a:73, 152, 195, 16355R0a1a:309.1CC, 16355A, 16519
Hap5016273Costa et al., 2009R0a1a:152R0a1a:315.1C, 12437, 13043, 13759, 16519
Hap5017379Černý et al., 2011R0a1a:58, 64R0a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 6040, 16093, 16519
Hap5017380Černý et al., 2011R0a1a:152, 195R0a1a:143, 279, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 10589, 13879, 14755, 16519
Hap5017392Černý et al., 2011noneR0a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 4722, 16519
Hap5017408Černý et al., 2011noneR0a1a:196, 315.1C, 16325, 16519
Hap5017427Černý et al., 2011noneR0a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 7576, 14129, 16153, 16519
Hap5017428Černý et al., 2011noneR0a1a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 2760, 8839, 16292, 16519
Hap5017438Černý et al., 2011noneR0a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 8093, 9581, 16147, 16365, 16519
Hap5017444Černý et al., 2011R0a1a:16311R0a1a:315.1C, 1462, 6563, 7598, 10184, 16519
Hap5020958Derenko et al., 2013R0a1a:152R0a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 6347, 8047, 14587, 16519
Hap5021016Derenko et al., 2013R0a1a:16362R0a1a:196, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 8137, 11167, 16241T, 16519
Hap5021084Derenko et al., 2013R0a1a:58R0a1a:315.1C, 1808, 4703, 4973, 5095, 6680, 8409, 8600, 12303

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10072431Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina
Hap10072433United StatesUnited StatesGermanyGermany
Hap10072434United StatesUnited StatesGreeceGreece
Hap10072437United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10072438United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10072439United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10072440United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10072441United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10072442United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10072443United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10072447UnspecifiedSerbia and MontenegroSerbia and MontenegroSerbia and Montenegro
Hap10072449United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10072450United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10072451United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10072452Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and HerzegovinaUnspecifiedBosnia and Herzegovina
Hap10072454United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10072475United Arab EmiratesWest BankWest BankWest Bank

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|