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Age: 9,723.0 ± 5,731.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C13680T
Parent Branch: HV4a
Descendant branch(s): HV4a1a


Haplogroup HV4a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 4,000 and 15,500 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup HV4a1 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

10HV4a113680Released 10 Aug 2010
11HV4a113680Released 7 Feb 2011
12HV4a113680Released 20 Jul 2011
13HV4a113680Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14HV4a1C13680TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15HV4a1C13680TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16HV4a1C13680TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17HV4a1C13680TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup HV4a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5003803Behar et al., 2012bnoneHV4a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 4212, 4277, 16319
Hap5004702Behar et al., 2012bHV4a1:146HV4a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 5978, 11389, 11944, 14518, 16519
Hap5009089Gasparre et al., 2007noneHV4a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 4768, 8639, 8794, 12399, 13527, 15442, 16519
Hap5017599Zaragoza et al., 2010aHV4a1:146HV4a1:315.1C, 3645, 5978, 11389, 11944, 14518, 16519
Hap5018329Gómez-Carballa et al., 2012bnoneHV4a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 4212, 4277, 16319

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10000917United StatesTurkeyTurkeyTurkey
Hap10001435United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10001767United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10016267United StatesBelgiumBelgiumBelgium
Hap10030022United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10030327United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10031465United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10039791United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|