Age: 15,823.7 ± 7,588.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: C16221T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: HV4
Descendant branch(s): HV4a1 HV4a2

YFull Info

Name: HV4a
Age: 35200 to 23300 ybp [95% CI]
Expansion: 35300 to 16400 ybp [95% CI]
 Variants: C16221T

Note: This information does not imply an endorsement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.

Haplogroup HV4a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 8,200 and 23,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup HV4a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
03 HV4a 16221 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 HV4a 16221 Released 10 May 2009
05 HV4a 16221 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 HV4a 16221 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 HV4a 16221 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 HV4a 16221 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 HV4a 16221 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 HV4a 16221 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 HV4a 16221 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 HV4a 16221 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 HV4a 16221 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 HV4a C16221T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 HV4a C16221T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 HV4a C16221T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 HV4a C16221T Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup HV4a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg ID Origin Publication Hg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFull Missing Variants Additional Variants

Sources & Resources

Related Sources


Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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