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Age: 12,857.9 ± 3,816.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G4596A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: HV1a
Descendant branch(s): HV1a2a HV1a2b


Haplogroup HV1a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 9,000 and 16,700 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup HV1a2 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

04HV1a24596Released 10 May 2009
05HV1a24596Released 8 Jul 2009
06HV1a24596Released 28 Sep 2009
07HV1a24596Released 10 Nov 2009
08HV1a24596Released 21 Mar 2010
09HV1a24596Released 20 Jun 2010
10HV1a24596Released 10 Aug 2010
11HV1a24596Released 7 Feb 2011
12HV1a24596Released 20 Jul 2011
13HV1a24596Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14HV1a2G4596AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15HV1a2G4596AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16HV1a2G4596AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17HV1a2G4596AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup HV1a2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5008038Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneHV1a2:93, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 508, 8278.1XC, 16249, 16519
Hap5009085Gasparre et al., 2007noneHV1a2:315.1C, 374, 1664C, 8279, 8280C, 8994, 12361, 12601, 15796, 16519
Hap5014193Sequeira et al., 2015noneHV1a2:310, 16519
Hap5014194Sequeira et al., 2015noneHV1a2:310, 16519
Hap5014195Sequeira et al., 2015noneHV1a2:310, 16519
Hap5014196Sequeira et al., 2015noneHV1a2:310, 16519
Hap5014197Sequeira et al., 2015noneHV1a2:310, 16519
Hap5014198Sequeira et al., 2015noneHV1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5014199Sequeira et al., 2015noneHV1a2:310, 16519
Hap5014200Sequeira et al., 2015noneHV1a2:310, 16519
Hap5014201Sequeira et al., 2015noneHV1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5014202Sequeira et al., 2015noneHV1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5014204Sequeira et al., 2015noneHV1a2:310, 16519
Hap5018051Musilová et al., 2011noneHV1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 3801, 14022, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10003921United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10008883United StatesGermanyUnspecifiedGermany
Hap10012026United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10017542United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10020692United StatesUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10026083United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10030755United StatesGermanyUnspecifiedGermany
Hap10032701United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10038195United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10040547United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|