Age: 1,167.0 ± 7,470.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: G15431A G16390A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: V
Descendant branch(s):

YFull Info

Name: V21
Age: 15100 to 11000 ybp [95% CI]
Expansion: 14900 to 4200 ybp [95% CI]
 Variants: G15431A G16390A

Note: This information does not imply an endorsement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.

Haplogroup V21 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 8,600 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup V21 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
14 V21 G15431A G16390A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 V21 G15431A G16390A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 V21 G15431A G16390A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 V21 G15431A G16390A Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup V21 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg ID Origin Publication Hg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFull Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5002047 Behar et al., 2012b V21 V21 none V21:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 16519
Hap5004303 Behar et al., 2012b V21 V21 V21:152 V21:309.1CC, 315.1C, 16519

Sources & Resources

Related Sources


Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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