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Age: 1,167.0 ± 7,470.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G15431A G16390A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: V
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup V21 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 8,600 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup V21 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
14 V21 G15431A G16390A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 V21 G15431A G16390A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 V21 G15431A G16390A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 V21 G15431A G16390A Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup V21 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5002047 Behar et al., 2012b none V21:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 16519
Hap5004303 Behar et al., 2012b V21:152 V21:309.1CC, 315.1C, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10097119United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10097120United StatesUnited StatesUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10097121United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10097122United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10097123United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10097124United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10097125United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10097126United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10097127United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10097128United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10097129United KingdomUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited Kingdom
Hap10097130United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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