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Age: 3,529.5 ± 2,818.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C14770T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: V2
Descendant branch(s): V2b1 V2b2


Haplogroup V2b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 700 and 6,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup V2b Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
04 V2b 14770 Released 10 May 2009
05 V2b 14770 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 V2b 14770 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 V2b 14770 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 V2b 14770 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 V2b 14770 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 V2b 14770 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 V2b 14770 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 V2b 14770 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 V2b 14770 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 V2b C14770T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 V2b C14770T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 V2b C14770T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 V2b C14770T Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup V2b Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5002474 Behar et al., 2012b V2b:195 V2b:310
Hap5003421 Behar et al., 2012b none V2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 5420
Hap5006704 Coble et al., 2004 V2b:1018 V2b:309.1CC, 315.1C
Hap5012564 Raule et al., 2014 none V2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 5420, 10560
Hap5012565 Raule et al., 2014 V2b:1018 V2b:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5013009 Raule et al., 2014 none V2b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 3010, 5420, 15010
Hap5013751 Raule et al., 2014 none V2b:150, 309.1C, 315.1C, 9591

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10097211United StatesUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10097214United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10097215UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10097216United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10097217United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10097218United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10097219United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10097220United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10097221United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10097222United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10097223United States TerritoriesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10097224United States TerritoriesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10097227United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10097228United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10097229United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10097231United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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