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Age: 5,664.8 ± 2,774.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T12438C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: V2
Descendant branch(s): V2a1


Haplogroup V2a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,900 and 8,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup V2a Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01V2a12438Released 27 Aug 2008
02V2a12438Released 14 Oct 2008
04V2a12438Released 10 May 2009
05V2a12438Released 8 Jul 2009
06V2a12438Released 28 Sep 2009
07V2a12438Released 10 Nov 2009
08V2a12438Released 21 Mar 2010
09V2a12438Released 20 Jun 2010
10V2a12438Released 10 Aug 2010
11V2a12438Released 7 Feb 2011
12V2a12438Released 20 Jul 2011
13V2a12438Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14V2aT12438CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15V2aT12438CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16V2aT12438CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17V2aT12438CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup V2a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5022180Palanichamy et al., 2004noneV2a:309.1C, 315.1C, 16263, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|

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