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Age: 4,451.8 ± 2,128.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A12490G
Parent Branch: V1a1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup V1a1b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,300 and 6,600 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup V1a1b Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

05V1a212490Released 8 Jul 2009
06V1a212490Released 28 Sep 2009
07V1a212490Released 10 Nov 2009
08V1a212490Released 21 Mar 2010
09V1a212490Released 20 Jun 2010
10V1a212490Released 10 Aug 2010
11V1a212490Released 7 Feb 2011
12V1a212490Released 20 Jul 2011
13V1a212490Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14V1a1bA12490GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15V1a1bA12490GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16V1a1bA12490GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17V1a1bA12490GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup V1a1b Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001403Behar et al., 2012bnoneV1a1b:315.1C, 16519
Hap5009129Gasparre et al., 2007V1a1b:3594V1a1b:309.1C, 315.1C, 3511-3628d, 7055, 16519
Hap5009155Gasparre et al., 2007noneV1a1b:309.1C, 315.1C, 7055, 11403, 16519
Hap5012656Raule et al., 2014noneV1a1b:309.1C, 315.1C, 7055, 16519
Hap5015834Pereira et al., ‎2007noneV1a1b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 2404, 3788, 5499, 9163, 16519
Hap5016085Malyarchuk et al., 2009V1a1b:72V1a1b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 4101, 8289.1CCCCCTCTA, 13831, 14319, 16519
Hap5016087Malyarchuk et al., 2009V1a1b:72V1a1b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 478, 4101, 13831, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10097084Serbia and MontenegroSerbia and MontenegroSerbia and MontenegroSerbia and Montenegro
Hap10097085United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10097086CanadaCanadaUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10097087United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10097088Czech RepublicCzech RepublicUnspecifiedCzech Republic
Hap10097089United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10097090United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10097091United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|