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Age: 4,451.8 ± 2,128.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A12490G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: V1a1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup V1a1b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,300 and 6,600 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup V1a1b Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
05 V1a2 12490 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 V1a2 12490 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 V1a2 12490 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 V1a2 12490 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 V1a2 12490 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 V1a2 12490 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 V1a2 12490 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 V1a2 12490 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 V1a2 12490 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 V1a1b A12490G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 V1a1b A12490G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 V1a1b A12490G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 V1a1b A12490G Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup V1a1b Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001403 Behar et al., 2012b none V1a1b:315.1C, 16519
Hap5009129 Gasparre et al., 2007 V1a1b:3594 V1a1b:309.1C, 315.1C, 3511-3628d, 7055, 16519
Hap5009155 Gasparre et al., 2007 none V1a1b:309.1C, 315.1C, 7055, 11403, 16519
Hap5012656 Raule et al., 2014 none V1a1b:309.1C, 315.1C, 7055, 16519
Hap5015834 Pereira et al., ‎2007 none V1a1b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 2404, 3788, 5499, 9163, 16519
Hap5016085 Malyarchuk et al., 2009 V1a1b:72 V1a1b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 4101, 8289.1CCCCCTCTA, 13831, 14319, 16519
Hap5016087 Malyarchuk et al., 2009 V1a1b:72 V1a1b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 478, 4101, 13831, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10097084Serbia and MontenegroSerbia and MontenegroSerbia and MontenegroSerbia and Montenegro
Hap10097085United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10097086CanadaCanadaUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10097087United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10097088Czech RepublicCzech RepublicUnspecifiedCzech Republic
Hap10097089United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10097090United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10097091United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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