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Age: 9,739.5 ± 1,357.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: West Asia or Europe
Mutations: G4580A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: HV0a
Descendant branch(s): V1 V10 V11 V12 V13 V14 V15 V16 V17 V18 V19 V2 V20 V21 V22 V23 V24 V25 V26 V27 V28 V3 V4 V5 V6 V7 V8 V9


Haplogroup V is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. It is a child of haplogroup HV0a. It was likely born around 9,800 years ago. (Behar et al., 2012b)


MtDNA haplogroup V was likely born in West Asia. It may also have been born in Europe.


Behar et al., 2012b placed the birth of the V lineage between 8,400 and 11,100 years ago. This means the line was born in the Mesolithic or the Neolithic. At the time, people were using highly refined stone tools. They were just starting to adopt farming culture.

Ancient DNA

Coming Soon


This timeline is an overview of the V branch's history from the first early people to the birth of the first woman from the V lineage. (View in new tab.)

mtDNA Haplogroup V Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01V4580Released 27 Aug 2008
02V4580Released 14 Oct 2008
04V4580Released 10 May 2009
05V4580Released 8 Jul 2009
06V4580Released 28 Sep 2009
07V4580Released 10 Nov 2009
08V4580Released 21 Mar 2010
09V4580Released 20 Jun 2010
10V4580Released 10 Aug 2010
11V4580Released 7 Feb 2011
12V4580Released 20 Jul 2011
13V4580Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14VG4580AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15VG4580AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16VG4580AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17VG4580AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup V Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000007Achilli et al., 2004noneV:309.1CC, 315.1C, 437, 11674, 14800, 16320, 16519
Hap5001296Behar et al., 2012bV:72V:309.1C, 315.1C, 15849, 16519
Hap5002159Behar et al., 2012bnoneV:309.1C, 315.1C, 9804, 16519
Hap5002734Behar et al., 2012bnoneV:309.1C, 315.1C, 15924, 16519
Hap5002848Behar et al., 2012bnoneV:309.1C, 315.1C, 12451, 16519
Hap5003354Behar et al., 2012bnoneV:309.1C, 315.1C, 10376, 15894, 16519
Hap5003363Behar et al., 2012bnoneV:309.1C, 315.1C, 4452, 16519
Hap5003374Behar et al., 2012bnoneV:41, 309.1C, 315.1C, 3396, 6956, 16239, 16399, 16519
Hap5003377Behar et al., 2012bV:16298V:315.1C, 4853, 11318G, 14750, 16519
Hap5003405Behar et al., 2012bnoneV:309.1C, 315.1C, 8239, 15924, 16519
Hap5003445Behar et al., 2012bV:16298V:315.1C, 533, 16519
Hap5003698Behar et al., 2012bV:16298V:315.1C, 3335, 3573, 11151, 11260, 16519
Hap5003981Behar et al., 2012bnoneV:309.1C, 315.1C, 3398, 16519
Hap5004125Behar et al., 2012bV:72V:309.1C, 315.1C, 16093, 16519
Hap5004287Behar et al., 2012bnoneV:309.1C, 315.1C, 13708, 16168, 16519
Hap5004318Behar et al., 2012bnoneV:309.1C, 315.1C, 11914R, 16519
Hap5004356Behar et al., 2012bnoneV:309.1C, 315.1C, 16291, 16519
Hap5004444Behar et al., 2012bnoneV:309.1CC, 315.1C, 10685, 16519
Hap5004611Behar et al., 2012bnoneV:194, 309.1C, 315.1C, 12813, 16218, 16519
Hap5004631Behar et al., 2012bnoneV:309.1C, 315.1C, 11063, 16519
Hap5004667Behar et al., 2012bnoneV:309.1CC, 315.1C, 2746, 3290, 6378, 9142C, 16233C, 16519
Hap5004835Behar et al., 2012bnoneV:309.1C, 315.1C, 5813d, 5902, 16519
Hap5004968Behar et al., 2012bV:72V:309.1CC, 315.1C, 16192, 16325, 16519
Hap5004972Behar et al., 2012bnoneV:309.1C, 315.1C, 480, 13015, 15854Y
Hap5005099Behar et al., 2012bnoneV:64, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 7056R, 15848, 16519, 16527

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10095147United StatesUkraineAustriaAustria
Hap10095148United StatesUnited StatesAustriaAustria
Hap10095149United StatesUnited StatesBelgiumBelgium
Hap10095152CanadaBritish TerritoriesBritish TerritoriesBritish Territories

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places: Europe and West Asia

Last Updated: Last updated: October 8, 2018 at 17:23 pm

2018-10-08T17:23:09+00:00June 6th, 2016|

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