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Age: 4,066.3 ± 1,659.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C5348T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: H7
Descendant branch(s): H7b1 H7b2 H7b3 H7b4 H7b5 H7b6


Haplogroup H7b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,400 and 5,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup H7b Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
04 H7b 5348 Released 10 May 2009
05 H7b 5348 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 H7b 5348 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 H7b 5348 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 H7b 5348 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 H7b 5348 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 H7b 5348 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 H7b 5348 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 H7b 5348 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 H7b 5348 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 H7b C5348T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H7b C5348T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H7b C5348T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H7b C5348T Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H7b Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001959 Behar et al., 2012b H7b:152 H7b:315.1C, 16193
Hap5002348 Behar et al., 2012b none H7b:315.1C, 2626
Hap5002717 Behar et al., 2012b none H7b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 1503, 8388Y, 14514
Hap5002730 Behar et al., 2012b none H7b:315.1C
Hap5003718 Behar et al., 2012b none H7b:315.1C, 1503, 14514
Hap5004248 Behar et al., 2012b H7b:195, 16223 H7b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 8251, 9722, 14905, 16356
Hap5009639 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 H7b:73, 146, 152, 195, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16311 H7b:1-576d, 16024-16569d
Hap5009929 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 H7b:73, 146, 152, 195, 247, 11914, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16311 H7b:1-576d, 12471, 16024-16569d
Hap5013113 Raule et al., 2014 H7b:73 H7b:291.1AA, 315.1C
Hap5013315 Raule et al., 2014 H7b:16311 H7b:309.1C, 315.1C, 11884, 12501, 16217
Hap5013735 Raule et al., 2014 H7b:73 H7b:291.1AA, 315.1C, 573.1XC, 12946
Hap5020972 Derenko et al., 2013 none H7b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 5263, 8022, 13708
Hap5021107 Derenko et al., 2013 none H7b:315.1C, 8022, 13708

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10002974UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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