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Age: 7,381.9 ± 4,948.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G1719A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: H7
Descendant branch(s): H7a1 H7a2


Haplogroup H7a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,400 and 12,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup H7a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
04 H7a 1719 Released 10 May 2009
05 H7a 1719 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 H7a 1719 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 H7a 1719 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 H7a 1719 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 H7a 1719 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 H7a 1719 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 H7a 1719 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 H7a 1719 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 H7a 1719 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 H7a G1719A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H7a G1719A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H7a G1719A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H7a G1719A Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H7a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5003720 Behar et al., 2012b none H7a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 9878, 16093
Hap5006481 Coble et al., 2004 none H7a:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5006496 Coble et al., 2004 none H7a:309.1C, 315.1C, 11377
Hap5012926 Raule et al., 2014 H7a:16189, 16223, 16278 H7a:199, 309.1C, 315.1C, 6038, 16183C, 16255

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10015129United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10015201United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10015405United StatesUnited StatesHungaryHungary
Hap10015503United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10015743United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10015900United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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