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Age: 10,945.6 ± 1,873.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Central Asia
Mutations: T239C T16362C (A16482G)
Parent Branch: H
Descendant branch(s): H6a H6b H6c


Haplogroup H6 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity. Its origin likely dates to the last ice age in Western Eurasia. Many members of this lineage live in Europe today, but they are most likely to trace their origins to groups of people who traveled to Europe during the Bronze age.

Most members of this lineage belong to one of its daughter branches.

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: H6
Age: 15,300 ± 4,900 Years Ago
Origin: Central Asia
Blurb: This lineage was born in the Caucasus region around 15,000 years ago. From the Caucasus, groups containing this lineage spread across Central Asia and on to West Asia, then Europe.

Today, its highest frequencies are in Central Asia and the Arabian Peninsula. It is almost 10 percent of maternal lineages in Croatia. It is 7 percent of the population in the United Arab Emirates and 5 percent of the population in Slovenia and Lithuania. In Belarus, this line accounts for 4 percent of maternal lineages. It is about 3 percent of maternal lineages in Norway, Poland, and Wales.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic


mtDNA Haplogroup H6 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01H6239 16482Released 27 Aug 2008
02H6239 16482Released 14 Oct 2008
04H6239 16482Released 10 May 2009
05H6239 16482Released 8 Jul 2009
06H6239 16482Released 28 Sep 2009
07H6239 16482Released 10 Nov 2009
08H6239 16482Released 21 Mar 2010
09H6239 16482Released 20 Jun 2010
10H6239 16482Released 10 Aug 2010
11H6239 16482Released 7 Feb 2011
12H6239 16482Released 20 Jul 2011
13H6239 16482Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14H6T239C T16362C A16482GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15H6T239C T16362C A16482GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16H6T239C T16362C (A16482G)Released 19 Feb 2014
17H6T239C T16362C (A16482G)Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H6 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10018981United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10023998United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10029872United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 5, 2018 at 20:02 pm

2018-08-05T20:02:34+00:00June 6th, 2016|
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