Age: 9,877.6 ± 1,401.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Central Asia or Europe
Mutations: T16304C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: H5’36
Descendant branch(s): H5a H5b H5c H5d H5e H5f H5g H5h H5j H5k H5m H5n H5p H5q H5r H5s H5t H5u H5v


Haplogroup H5 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 8,500 and 11,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: H5
Age: 11,500 ± 5,200 Years Ago
Origin: Central Asia or Europe
Blurb: This branch was born to a woman in Central Asia or Europe. During the last glacial maximum when ice covered much of Eurasia, groups containing this lineage sheltered in a refugium along the south shore of the Black Sea. Later, when the ice had melted, these groups took part in the Neolithic Revolution.

Today, this line’s highest frequency is in the Karatchaians-Balkarians and Georgians, where it is about 20 percent of both populations. It is 8 percent of maternal lineages in Romania and 7 percent of maternal lineages in Moldova, Greece, and Switzerland. It is 6 percent of the population of Austria. It accounts for 5 percent of maternal lineages in Slovakia and the Netherlands. This lineage is 4 to 5 percent of the population of India and Turkey. It is also part of some Jewish Diaspora groups.

Interest Points: This lineage was present in the samples from the Neolithic site of Tell Halula in Syria and in ancient Siberian Kurgan samples. Viking King Sven Estridsen and thus his mother, Estrid, were members of this lineage.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup H5 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01H5456 16304Released 27 Aug 2008
02H5456 16304Released 14 Oct 2008
04H516304Released 10 May 2009
05H516304Released 8 Jul 2009
06H516304Released 28 Sep 2009
07H516304Released 10 Nov 2009
08H516304Released 21 Mar 2010
09H516304Released 20 Jun 2010
10H516304Released 10 Aug 2010
11H516304Released 7 Feb 2011
12H516304Released 20 Jul 2011
13H516304Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14H5T16304CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15H5T16304CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16H5T16304CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17H5T16304CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H5 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000014Achilli et al., 2004H5:16189H5:309.1CC, 315.1C, 709, 1608, 16519
Hap5000751Behar et al., 2012anoneH5:309.1C, 315.1C, 3396Y, 16519
Hap5000821Behar et al., 2012aH5:16311H5:309.1C, 315.1C, 5492, 9111, 16266, 16519
Hap5001223Behar et al., 2012bH5:16189H5:309.1C, 315.1C, 7120, 7746, 10751Y, 15884, 16166, 16519
Hap5001240Behar et al., 2012bH5:11914H5:315.1C, 4790, 6497, 9128, 14560, 15257, 15511, 16362, 16519
Hap5001618Behar et al., 2012bH5:16129H5:315.1C, 3204, 9110, 10310, 11172, 15217R, 15219, 16249, 16519
Hap5001821Behar et al., 2012bnoneH5:150, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 1842, 3826, 16269, 16519
Hap5001847Behar et al., 2012bH5:73H5:315.1C, 16167, 16274, 16519
Hap5002415Behar et al., 2012bH5:16311H5:150, 309.1C, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5002615Behar et al., 2012bnoneH5:315.1C, 961, 10864, 16519
Hap5002665Behar et al., 2012bH5:16129H5:315.1C, 16148, 16256, 16390
Hap5002684Behar et al., 2012bnoneH5:309.1C, 315.1C, 5238, 13145, 16519
Hap5002752Behar et al., 2012bnoneH5:150, 204, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 316, 7999, 16519
Hap5002908Behar et al., 2012bnoneH5:309.1CC, 315.1C, 709, 8251, 9530, 16068, 16519
Hap5003002Behar et al., 2012bH5:16129H5:309.1C, 315.1C, 5238, 13145, 16519
Hap5003149Behar et al., 2012bH5:152H5:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3434, 4216, 7741, 16519
Hap5003157Behar et al., 2012bnoneH5:150, 309.1C, 315.1C, 6365, 11719R, 14180, 16176, 16519
Hap5003795Behar et al., 2012bnoneH5:309.1C, 315.1C, 5277, 13665, 16166, 16519
Hap5004108Behar et al., 2012bnoneH5:309.1C, 315.1C, 15601, 16259, 16265C
Hap5006560Coble et al., 2004noneH5:309.1C, 315.1C, 3200, 3438
Hap5006565Coble et al., 2004noneH5:315.1C
Hap5007072Ennafaa et al., 2009H5:152, 16189, 16311H5:315.1C, 12236, 13788, 16234, 16519
Hap5007950Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016H5:73H5:315.1C, 15928, 16167, 16274, 16519
Hap5007981Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016H5:16311H5:150, 189R, 309.1C, 315.1C, 9948, 16519
Hap5008013Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016H5:73H5:309.1CC, 315.1C, 524.1ACAC, 9070, 11147, 13674, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10000212United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10000271United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10000942United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10001519United StatesGreeceUnspecifiedGreece
Hap10001564United StatesGermanyGermanyGermany
Hap10001620United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10002089United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10002162United StatesUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10002601United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 5, 2018 at 19:47 pm

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