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Age: 4,849.7 ± 2,810.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C15058T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: H49
Descendant branch(s): H49a1 H49a2


Haplogroup H49a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,000 and 7,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup H49a Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

14H49aC15058TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15H49aC15058TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16H49aC15058TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17H49aC15058TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H49a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5002199Behar et al., 2012bnoneH49a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 16319, 16399
Hap5002818Behar et al., 2012bnoneH49a:309.1C, 315.1C, 573.1XC, 4093R, 4164R, 15191
Hap5002860Behar et al., 2012bnoneH49a:309.1C, 315.1C, 573.1XC, 15077
Hap5003278Behar et al., 2012bH49a:195H49a:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 573.1XC, 8404
Hap5007212Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneH49a:309.1C, 315.1C, 573.1XC, 15077
Hap5009900Herrnstadt et al., 2002H49a:73, 146, 152, 195, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16311H49a:1-576d, 16024-16569d
Hap5013480Raule et al., 2014noneH49a:309.1C, 315.1C, 573.1XC, 16177

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10001346United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10004918United StatesUnited StatesIrelandIreland
Hap10005503United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10012955MexicoUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10020344United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10021665United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10023174United StatesUnited StatesGermanyGermany
Hap10023666United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10024462United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|

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