FTDNA Sales Banner
Ads and affiliate links like this help support the Q-M242 project's efforts to test indigenous peoples. Please read the affiliateship and business disclaimers for details. You may also donate directly here.



Age: 7,503.2 ± 4,319.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T10166C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: H4
Descendant branch(s): H4b1


Haplogroup H4b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 3,200 and 11,800 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup H4b Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 H4b 523-524d 10166 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 H4b 523-524d 10166 Released 14 Oct 2008
04 H4b 10166 Released 10 May 2009
05 H4b 10166 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 H4b 10166 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 H4b 10166 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 H4b 10166 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 H4b 10166 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 H4b 10166 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 H4b 10166 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 H4b 10166 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 H4b 10166 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 H4b T10166C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H4b T10166C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H4b T10166C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H4b T10166C Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H4b Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001938 Behar et al., 2012b H4b:16189 H4b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 10523T, 16519
Hap5013823 Roostalu et al., 2007 H4b:152 H4b:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519, 16526
Hap5013824 Roostalu et al., 2007 H4b:152 H4b:315.1C, 523-524d, 16092, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10002578United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10027881United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

you're currently offline