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Age: 2,769.4 ± 1,590.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C16286g
Parent Branch: H4a1a4b
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup H4a1a4b1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,200 and 4,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup H4a1a4b1 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

14H4a1a4b1C16286gReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15H4a1a4b1C16286gReleased 30 Sep 2012
16H4a1a4b1C16286gReleased 19 Feb 2014
17H4a1a4b1C16286gReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H4a1a4b1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5002358Behar et al., 2012bnoneH4a1a4b1:315.1C, 523-524d, 12406, 15613
Hap5002759Behar et al., 2012bnoneH4a1a4b1:315.1C, 523-524d, 8485, 12397, 16172
Hap5013667Raule et al., 2014noneH4a1a4b1:315.1C, 523-524d

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|