Age: 4,597.3 ± 2,621.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G13889A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: H4a1a
Descendant branch(s): H4a1a3a


Haplogroup H4a1a3 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,000 and 7,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup H4a1a3 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

04H4a1b195 513 5773 13889 14133Released 10 May 2009
05H4a1b195 513 5773 13889 14133Released 8 Jul 2009
06H4a1b195 513 5773 13889 14133Released 28 Sep 2009
07H4a1b195 513 5773 13889 14133Released 10 Nov 2009
08H4a1b195 513 5773 13889 14133Released 21 Mar 2010
09H4a1b195 513 5773 13889 14133Released 20 Jun 2010
10H4a1b195 513 5773 13889 14133Released 10 Aug 2010
11H4a1b195 513 5773 13889 14133Released 7 Feb 2011
12H4a1b195 513 5773 13889 14133Released 20 Jul 2011
13H4a1b195 513 5773 13889 14133Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14H4a1a3G13889AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15H4a1a3G13889AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16H4a1a3G13889AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17H4a1a3G13889AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H4a1a3 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5002756Behar et al., 2012bnoneH4a1a3:150, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 6951

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10004485United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10006675United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10009046United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10015833United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10022404South AfricaSouth AfricaSouth AfricaSouth Africa
Hap10023089United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10025782United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10028777United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10028873United StatesUnited StatesIrelandIreland
Hap10029395United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10032731United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10039741United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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