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Age: 704.1 ± 1,301.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A1656G G11440A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: H4a1a1a1a
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup H4a1a1a1a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 2,000 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup H4a1a1a1a1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
14 H4a1a1a1a1 A1656G G11440A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
16 H4a1a1a1a1 A1656G G11440A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H4a1a1a1a1 A1656G G11440A Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H4a1a1a1a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001768 Behar et al., 2012b none H4a1a1a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16080, 16519
Hap5003203 Behar et al., 2012b H4a1a1a1a1:152 H4a1a1a1a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 6164, 12651, 16519
Hap5004577 Behar et al., 2012b none H4a1a1a1a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 9218R, 16184, 16519
Hap5005127 Behar et al., 2012b H4a1a1a1a1:152 H4a1a1a1a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 12651, 16519
Hap5006577 Coble et al., 2004 none H4a1a1a1a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5007186 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none H4a1a1a1a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 16184, 16519
Hap5008206 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none H4a1a1a1a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10004878United StatesUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10005553United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10007454United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10007861United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10008086United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10008937UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10011844United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10025750United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10031175United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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