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Age: 6,600.0 ± 2,087.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Europe
Mutations: A10044G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: H4a1a
Descendant branch(s): H4a1a1a


Haplogroup H4a1a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 4,500 and 8,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: H4a1a1
Age: To Be Determined
Origin: Europe
Blurb: This branch in your ancestors’ journey began in Europe. This lineage is present at trace frequencies throughout Europe. It is slightly more common in northeastern Europe than in southern Europe. It is most common in Northern Ireland and Portugal, where it is between 2 and 3 percent of maternal lineages.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup H4a1a1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 H4a1a 10044 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 H4a1a 10044 Released 14 Oct 2008
04 H4a1a 10044 Released 10 May 2009
05 H4a1a 10044 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 H4a1a 10044 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 H4a1a 10044 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 H4a1a 10044 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 H4a1a 10044 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 H4a1a 10044 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 H4a1a 10044 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 H4a1a 10044 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 H4a1a 10044 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 H4a1a1 A10044G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H4a1a1 A10044G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H4a1a1 A10044G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H4a1a1 A10044G Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H4a1a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001649 Behar et al., 2012b none H4a1a1:315.1C, 5814, 8681G, 16519
Hap5002726 Behar et al., 2012b none H4a1a1:315.1C, 2416, 16519
Hap5003007 Behar et al., 2012b none H4a1a1:315.1C, 990, 16287, 16519
Hap5003732 Behar et al., 2012b none H4a1a1:315.1C, 2416Y, 16519
Hap5006486 Coble et al., 2004 none H4a1a1:315.1C, 16519
Hap5006502 Coble et al., 2004 none H4a1a1:315.1C, 16519
Hap5008375 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none H4a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 10364, 11632, 16390, 16519
Hap5012858 Raule et al., 2014 none H4a1a1:315.1C, 16519
Hap5012916 Raule et al., 2014 none H4a1a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 8282-8290d, 16519
Hap5012938 Raule et al., 2014 none H4a1a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 8282-8290d, 16519
Hap5013222 Raule et al., 2014 none H4a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5013246 Raule et al., 2014 none H4a1a1:315.1C, 3644, 16519
Hap5022810 Zheng et al., 2012 H4a1a1:152 H4a1a1:16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10000029United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10000137United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10000293United KingdomIrelandUnspecifiedIreland
Hap10000311United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10000628United StatesUnited StatesIrelandIreland
Hap10000803United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10000992United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10001018UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10001217United StatesUnited StatesUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10001351United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10001428United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10001629United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10002267United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10002330United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10002429United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10002721United States TerritoriesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 5, 2018 at 19:30 pm

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