Age: 7,835.0 ± 1,647.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G8269A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: H4a1
Descendant branch(s): H4a1a1 H4a1a2 H4a1a3 H4a1a4 H4a1a5


Haplogroup H4a1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 6,200 and 9,500 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup H4a1a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01H4a18269Released 27 Aug 2008
02H4a18269Released 14 Oct 2008
04H4a18269Released 10 May 2009
05H4a18269Released 8 Jul 2009
06H4a18269Released 28 Sep 2009
07H4a18269Released 10 Nov 2009
08H4a18269Released 21 Mar 2010
09H4a18269Released 20 Jun 2010
10H4a18269Released 10 Aug 2010
11H4a18269Released 7 Feb 2011
12H4a18269Released 20 Jul 2011
13H4a18269Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14H4a1aG8269AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15H4a1aG8269AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16H4a1aG8269AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17H4a1aG8269AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H4a1a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000817Behar et al., 2012anoneH4a1a:315.1C, 523-524d, 16093, 16519
Hap5002094Behar et al., 2012bH4a1a:16311H4a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 10718, 16519
Hap5005166Behar et al., 2012bH4a1a:16311H4a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5007055Detjen et al., 2007noneH4a1a:750, 16104, 16260, 16519
Hap5007192Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016H4a1a:152H4a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 1027, 7894, 16209, 16519
Hap5008009Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneH4a1a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5013005Raule et al., 2014noneH4a1a:315.1C, 523-524d, 573.1XC, 11347, 13578, 14502, 16519
Hap5017875noneH4a1a:315.1C, 523-524d, 11377, 15924R, 16265C, 16519
Hap5017876noneH4a1a:315.1C, 523-524d, 11377, 15924R, 16265C, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10000183United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10000678UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10001093United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10002802United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10005533United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10006574United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10007493United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10008002United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10010497United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10011031United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10013029United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10013279United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10013902United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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