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Age: 8,636.8 ± 1,559.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C14365T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: H4a
Descendant branch(s): H4a1a H4a1c H4a1d


Haplogroup H4a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 7,100 and 10,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup H4a1 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

14H4a1C14365TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15H4a1C14365TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16H4a1C14365TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17H4a1C14365TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H4a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000783Behar et al., 2012aH4a1:16189H4a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 15211, 16519
Hap5000816Behar et al., 2012aH4a1:146, 152H4a1:315.1C, 9007, 16235T, 16286, 16519
Hap5001309Behar et al., 2012bH4a1:152H4a1:182, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3203, 15910, 16259, 16519
Hap5002314Behar et al., 2012bH4a1:16311H4a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 3083, 16209, 16519
Hap5003255Behar et al., 2012bnoneH4a1:93, 194, 315.1C, 523-524d, 8093, 9110, 10095A, 10535, 16271, 16519
Hap5003829Behar et al., 2012bH4a1:16311H4a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 1536, 3083, 11371, 16189Y, 16209, 16519
Hap5005646Brotherton et al., 2013noneH4a1:1-12d, 16519, 16558-16569d
Hap5005647Brotherton et al., 2013noneH4a1:1-12d, 16519, 16558-16569d
Hap5006514Coble et al., 2004H4a1:152H4a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 7741, 8433, 8975Y, 16519
Hap5009434Herrnstadt et al., 2002H4a1:73, 146, 152, 195, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16311H4a1:1-576d, 16024-16569d
Hap5012258Pichler et al., 2008H4a1:12705H4a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5013055Raule et al., 2014noneH4a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 5267, 16519
Hap5013878Santoro et al., 2010H4a1:146, 152H4a1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 456, 460, 523-524d, 7853, 16304, 16519
Hap5015855Pereira et al., ‎2007noneH4a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 5147, 15394, 16037, 16162, 16519
Hap5017917Zaragoza et al., 2010bnoneH4a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 8954, 13104, 14218, 14767, 15326, 16239
Hap5022809Zheng et al., 2012noneH4a1:523-524d, 960d, 5147, 5471, 16176G, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10001650United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10002419United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10003626United StatesCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10007200United StatesUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10007577UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|

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