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H4a1

Summary

Age: 8,636.8 ± 1,559.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C14365T
Parent Branch: H4a
Descendant branch(s): H4a1a H4a1c H4a1d

Background

Haplogroup H4a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 7,100 and 10,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup H4a1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

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Build#CalledMutationsNotes
14H4a1C14365TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15H4a1C14365TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16H4a1C14365TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17H4a1C14365TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H4a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000783Behar et al., 2012aH4a1:16189H4a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 15211, 16519
Hap5000816Behar et al., 2012aH4a1:146, 152H4a1:315.1C, 9007, 16235T, 16286, 16519
Hap5001309Behar et al., 2012bH4a1:152H4a1:182, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3203, 15910, 16259, 16519
Hap5002314Behar et al., 2012bH4a1:16311H4a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 3083, 16209, 16519
Hap5003255Behar et al., 2012bnoneH4a1:93, 194, 315.1C, 523-524d, 8093, 9110, 10095A, 10535, 16271, 16519
Hap5003829Behar et al., 2012bH4a1:16311H4a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 1536, 3083, 11371, 16189Y, 16209, 16519
Hap5005646Brotherton et al., 2013noneH4a1:1-12d, 16519, 16558-16569d
Hap5005647Brotherton et al., 2013noneH4a1:1-12d, 16519, 16558-16569d
Hap5006514Coble et al., 2004H4a1:152H4a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 7741, 8433, 8975Y, 16519
Hap5009434Herrnstadt et al., 2002H4a1:73, 146, 152, 195, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16311H4a1:1-576d, 16024-16569d
Hap5012258Pichler et al., 2008H4a1:12705H4a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5013055Raule et al., 2014noneH4a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 5267, 16519
Hap5013878Santoro et al., 2010H4a1:146, 152H4a1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 456, 460, 523-524d, 7853, 16304, 16519
Hap5015855Pereira et al., ‎2007noneH4a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 5147, 15394, 16037, 16162, 16519
Hap5017917Zaragoza et al., 2010bnoneH4a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 8954, 13104, 14218, 14767, 15326, 16239
Hap5022809Zheng et al., 2012noneH4a1:523-524d, 960d, 5147, 5471, 16176G, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10000227UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10000661UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10000885UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10001340UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10001650United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10001704UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10001850UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10002210UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10002419United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10002783CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10002789UnspecifiedCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10002843UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10003045UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10003563UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10003626United StatesCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10004197UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10005519UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10006389UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10006635UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10006646UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10007131UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10007200United StatesUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10007577UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10008463CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10009086UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10009148UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10009237JapanUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10009548UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10009722UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10012425United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10013109United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10013333United StatesUnited StatesSyriaSyria
Hap10013523United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10014083SingaporeAustraliaGermanyGermany
Hap10014735UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10014803UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10014887United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10015112United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10015409UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10015501CanadaCanadaUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10015942UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10015967UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10016054UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10016218United StatesMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10016735UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10017899United StatesCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10018449UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10019067United StatesUnited StatesLebanonLebanon
Hap10019074CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10019143SpainSpainUnspecifiedSpain
Hap10019616CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10019724SpainSpainSpainSpain
Hap10019802UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10019990United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10020165United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10020285UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10021109UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10021724LuxembourgLuxembourgUnspecifiedLuxembourg
Hap10021944UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10022154UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10022846CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10023247UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10023501UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10023511UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10024071UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10024888CanadaCanadaUnspecifiedCanada
Hap10025108United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10025971United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10026498UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10026508UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10027064UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10027268UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10027455UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10028299United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10028471GermanyUnspecifiedUnspecifiedGermany
Hap10028711United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10028720UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10029532UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10029572UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10029998United StatesUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10030121United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10030189United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10030644MoroccoMoroccoMoroccoMorocco
Hap10031416United StatesArgentinaUnspecifiedArgentina
Hap10031418United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10031592IranUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10031932UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10032141UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10032585CanadaCanadaUnspecifiedCanada
Hap10033479United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10034368AustraliaAustraliaAustraliaAustralia
Hap10034449UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10034624UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10035258UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10035982UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10036043United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10036288CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10036356United StatesUnited StatesLebanonLebanon
Hap10037030BrazilItalyItalyItaly
Hap10037074UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10037227CubaCubaCubaCuba
Hap10037237United StatesLebanonLebanonLebanon
Hap10037411UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10037621UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10038334UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10038713United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10038766United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10038780United StatesUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10039096United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10039109UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10039454UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10039844UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10040487UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10040511ItalyItalyItalyItaly
Hap10040568UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Keywords

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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|