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H31

Summary

Age: 3,965.8 ± 3,439.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A7930t A10771G
Parent Branch: H
Descendant branch(s): H31a H31b

Background

Haplogroup H31 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 500 and 7,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup H31 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
03H31(146) (195) 7930T 10771Released 1 Mar 2009
04H31(146) (195) 7930T 10771Released 10 May 2009
05H31(146) (195) 7930T 10771Released 8 Jul 2009
06H31(146) (195) 7930T 10771Released 28 Sep 2009
07H31(146) (195) 7930T 10771Released 10 Nov 2009
08H31146 195 7930T 10771Released 21 Mar 2010
09H31146 195 7930T 10771Released 20 Jun 2010
10H31146 195 7930T 10771Released 10 Aug 2010
11H31146 195 7930T 10771Released 7 Feb 2011
12H31146 195 7930T 10771Released 20 Jul 2011
13H31146 195 7930T 10771Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14H31A7930t A10771GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15H31A7930t A10771GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16H31A7930t A10771GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17H31A7930t A10771GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H31 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

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Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001333Behar et al., 2012bnoneH31:309.1CC, 315.1C, 7927Y
Hap5002144Behar et al., 2012bnoneH31:309.1C, 315.1C, 10562
Hap5002696Behar et al., 2012bnoneH31:315.1C, 16360
Hap5002861Behar et al., 2012bnoneH31:309.1C, 315.1C, 6413, 16295
Hap5003989Behar et al., 2012bnoneH31:315.1C, 14990
Hap5007574Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneH31:315.1C, 1007, 16294
Hap5008158Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneH31:309.1CC, 315.1C, 2220, 7996, 16257A
Hap5008321Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneH31:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5008341Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneH31:151, 198, 315.1C, 2789
Hap5008535Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneH31:151, 198, 315.1C, 2789, 4560
Hap5009064Gasparre et al., 2007noneH31:315.1C
Hap5009839Herrnstadt et al., 2002H31:73, 152, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16311H31:1-576d, 16024-16569d
Hap5012895Raule et al., 2014noneH31:315.1C
Hap5013208Raule et al., 2014noneH31:309.1CC, 315.1C
Hap5013449Raule et al., 2014noneH31:309.1CC, 315.1C
Hap5013572Raule et al., 2014noneH31:195, 309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5013648Raule et al., 2014noneH31:315.1C, 16104
Hap5013726Raule et al., 2014H31:10771H31:309.1CT, 310, 315.1C
Hap5014322Soini et al., 2012H31:7930TH31:315.1C
Hap5022787Zheng et al., 2012H31:73H31:315.1C, 8946

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10000009United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10000028UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10000623United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10000964UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10001142UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10001881UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10002017UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10002047United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10002130UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10002256UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10002474United StatesUnited StatesDenmarkDenmark
Hap10003131UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10003559UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10004076United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10005494UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10005955UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10006787United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10007724UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10007808UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10008065UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10008201United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10008699UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10008799UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10009313UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10010468UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10010507UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10011248SpainSpainSpainSpain
Hap10011292UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10012481UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10012543UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10012712United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10013952UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10014117UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10015716SwedenSwedenSwedenSweden
Hap10015787UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10016791UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10016820UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10017005United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10018122United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10018801UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10019053UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10019934United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10020385UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10021347UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10021797UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10022252UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10023438United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10023685UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10024121UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10025465UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10025688United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10025774United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10025778United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10030009UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10031246UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10031327UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10031501UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10031624UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10031754UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10031958United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10032636United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10032929UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10034471UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10035136UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10036122UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10036286UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10036718UnspecifiedUnited StatesGermanyGermany
Hap10037171UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10037741United StatesUnited StatesSwitzerlandSwitzerland
Hap10037818United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10038678UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10039179CanadaUnspecifiedUnspecifiedCanada
Hap10039410UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10040045UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10040232United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10040401UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Keywords

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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|