H31

Summary

Age: 3,965.8 ± 3,439.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: A7930t A10771G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: H
Descendant branch(s): H31a H31b

YFull Info

Name: -

Age: -

Expansion: -

Variants: -

Note: This information does not imply an endorcement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.

Background

Haplogroup H31 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 500 and 7,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup H31 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
03 H31 (146) (195) 7930T 10771 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 H31 (146) (195) 7930T 10771 Released 10 May 2009
05 H31 (146) (195) 7930T 10771 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 H31 (146) (195) 7930T 10771 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 H31 (146) (195) 7930T 10771 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 H31 146 195 7930T 10771 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 H31 146 195 7930T 10771 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 H31 146 195 7930T 10771 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 H31 146 195 7930T 10771 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 H31 146 195 7930T 10771 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 H31 146 195 7930T 10771 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 H31 A7930t A10771G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H31 A7930t A10771G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H31 A7930t A10771G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H31 A7930t A10771G Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup H31 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Origin Publication Hg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFull Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5001333 - Behar et al., 2012b H31 - none H31:309.1CC, 315.1C, 7927Y
Hap5002144 - Behar et al., 2012b H31 - none H31:309.1C, 315.1C, 10562
Hap5002696 - Behar et al., 2012b H31 - none H31:315.1C, 16360
Hap5002861 - Behar et al., 2012b H31 - none H31:309.1C, 315.1C, 6413, 16295
Hap5003989 - Behar et al., 2012b H31 - none H31:315.1C, 14990
Hap5007574 - Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 H31 - none H31:315.1C, 1007, 16294
Hap5008158 - Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 H31 - none H31:309.1CC, 315.1C, 2220, 7996, 16257A
Hap5008321 - Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 H31 - none H31:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5008341 - Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 H31 - none H31:151, 198, 315.1C, 2789
Hap5008535 - Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 H31 - none H31:151, 198, 315.1C, 2789, 4560
Hap5009064 - Gasparre et al., 2007 H31 - none H31:315.1C
Hap5009839 - Herrnstadt et al., 2002 H31 - H31:73, 152, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16311 H31:1-576d, 16024-16569d
Hap5012895 - Raule et al., 2014 H31 - none H31:315.1C
Hap5013208 - Raule et al., 2014 H31 - none H31:309.1CC, 315.1C
Hap5013449 - Raule et al., 2014 H31 - none H31:309.1CC, 315.1C
Hap5013572 - Raule et al., 2014 H31 - none H31:195, 309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5013648 - Raule et al., 2014 H31 - none H31:315.1C, 16104
Hap5013726 - Raule et al., 2014 H31 - H31:10771 H31:309.1CT, 310, 315.1C
Hap5014322 - Soini et al., 2012 H31 - H31:7930T H31:315.1C
Hap5022787 Zheng et al., 2012 H31 H31:73 H31:315.1C, 8946

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10000009 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10000028 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10000623 United States United States United States United States
Hap10000964 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10001142 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10001881 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10002017 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10002047 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10002130 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10002256 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10002474 United States United States Denmark Denmark
Hap10003131 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10003559 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10004076 United States United States United States United States
Hap10005494 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10005955 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10006787 United States United States United States United States
Hap10007724 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10007808 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10008065 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10008201 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10008699 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10008799 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10009313 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10010468 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Keywords

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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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